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ψοφ-έω , pf.
A.ἐψόφηκαMen.Sam. 324, etc.:—sound, make a noise (opp. φωνέω, An.420b30, HA535b3), E.Or.137; “ψοφεῖ ἀρβύληId.Ba.638 (troch.); “πύλαι ψοφοῦσιId.HF78 (v. infr. 11); ψοφεῖ λάλον τι, like a cracked pot, Ar. Ach.933 (lyr.); “ἐψόφησεν ἄμπελοςId.Pax612 (troch.); ἐψόφει . . οὐκ οἶδ᾽ ἅττα ib.1152 (troch.); “ὥσπερ κύμβαλον ψοφεῖ πρὸς τῷ δαπέδῳ κοίλη ὁπλήX.Eq.1.3; “ποταμοὶ ψοφοῦντεςPl.R.396b; of a bell, Str. 14.2.21: c. acc. cogn., [“ χαλκὶς] ψοφεῖ οἷον συριγμόνArist.HA 535b19; ψ. ψόφον ib.b13.
2. esp. of an empty noise,πάντα γάρ τοι τῷ φοβουμένῳ ψοφεῖS.Fr.61; “κόμποι ψοφοῦσινAlex.25.9; “μέγα ψοφέουσαν ἀοιδήνCall.Aet.Oxy.2079.19 (cf. Fr.165).
II. c. acc., ψοφεῖν τὰς θύρας knock at the door inside to show that one is coming out (opp. κόπτειν or κρούειν knock at the outside), “τὴν θύραν ψοφεῖ τις ἐξιώνMen.Pk.126, cf. Epit.454; “ἐψόφηκε προϊὼν τὴν θύρανId.Sam. 324, cf. Luc.Sol.9; but the two words are sts. used indiscriminately, cf. Plu.Publ.20; also of the door (intr.), τί αἱ θύραι νύκτωρ ψοφοῖεν why they were heard to open, Lys.1.14, cf. 17, Men.Sam. 222; “ἐψόφηκεν θ.Com.Adesp.21.1 D.; “ἐψόφηκε ῥόπαλονCIG5149b (Cyrene).
2. rattle a chain, Herod.7.11.
III. intr., κλαίοντες αὐτῇ δειλίᾳ ψοφήσετε perh. = you will perish, come to a bad end, S.Ichn.162: cf. “διαφωνέω3b.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (14):
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 933
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 1152
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 612
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 638
    • Euripides, Heracles, 11
    • Euripides, Heracles, 78
    • Euripides, Orestes, 137
    • Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes, 14
    • Plato, Republic, 396b
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 1.3
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 61
    • Strabo, Geography, 14.2.21
    • Plutarch, Publicola, 20
    • Lucian, Soleocista, 9
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