previous next

φύσις 1 φύω

I.the nature, natural qualities, powers, constitution, condition, of a person or thing, Od., Hdt., attic φυή, form, stature, νόον τοι φύσιν either in mind or outward form, Pind.; τὸν δὲ Λάϊον, φύσιν τίν᾽ εἶχε, φράζε Soph.; τὴν ἐμὴν ἰδὼν φύσιν Ar.
3.of the mind, one's nature, natural bent, powers, character, Soph., etc.
4.often periphr., πέτρου φύσιν σύ γ᾽ ὀργάνειας, i. e. would'st provoke a stone, id=Soph.; φ. αὐτοῦ for αὐτός, Plat.
II.nature, i. e. the order or law of nature, κατὰ φύσιν πεφυκέναι to be made so by nature, naturally, Hdt., etc.;—opp. to παρὰ φύσιν, Eur., Thuc.; so, προδότης ἐκ φύσεως a traitor by nature, Aeschin.:—so, in dat. φύσει, by nature, naturally, Ar., etc.:—f4usin 24exei, c. inf., it is natural that . . , Hdt., Plat.
2.origin, birth, φύσει γεγονότες εὖ Hdt.; φ. νεώτερος Soph.; so, τὴν φύσιν Xen.
III.nature, universe, Plat., Arist. a concrete term, creatures, animals (cf. φύστις), θνητὴ φ. man kind, Soph.; πόντου εἰναλία φ. the creatures of the sea, id=Soph.; θήλεια φ. woman- kind, Xen.; οἱ τοιαῦται φύσεις such creatures as these, Isocr.
V.a nature, kind, sort, βιοτῆς φύσις Soph.: species, Xen., Soph., Thuc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: