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αἴρω epic and poet. ἀείρω q.v. distinguish ἀρῶ from ἀ_ρῶ, contr. of ἀερῶ.

A.Act. take up, raise, lift up, Il., etc.; αἴρειν βῆμα to step, walk, Eur.; αἴρ. σημεῖον to hoist a signal, Xen.:—Pass. to mount up, ascend, id=Xen.
2.often of armies and ships, αἴρ. τὰς ναῦς to get the fleet under sail, Thuc.:—also intr. to get under way, start, set out, ἆραι τῶι στρατῶι id=Thuc.;—so in Mid. and Pass., Hdt., etc. bear, sustain, μόρον Aesch.; ἆθλον Soph. raise up, exalt, Aesch.:—of passion, to exalt, excite, ὑψοῦ αἴρειν θυμόν to grow excited, Soph.; αἴρειν θάρσος to pluck up courage, Eur., etc.: Pass., οὐκ ἤρθη νοῦν ἐς ἀτασθαλίην Simon. raise by words, to extol, exaggerate, Eur., Dem. lift and take away, to remove, Aesch., etc.:—to take off, kill, NTest.
B.Mid., with perf. pass. ἦρμαι, to take up for oneself: to carry off, win, gain, κλέος Il.; ἀέθλια (of horses) id=Il.; κῦδος Hom.:—hence simply to receive, get, ἕλκος ἀρέσθαι Il.; also, δειλίαν ἀρεῖ wilt incur a charge of cowardice, Soph. take upon oneself, undergo, carry, bear, Il., etc. undertake, begin, πόλεμον Thuc., etc.; φυγὴν ἀρέσθαι, Lat. fugam capere, Aesch. raise up, σωτῆρά τινι Soph.: of sound, αἴρεσθαι φωνήν to raise, lift up one's voice, Ar.

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