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αἱρέω The forms εἷλον etc. come from the stem ἑλ-.

A.Act. to take with the hand, grasp, αἱρ. τι ἐν χερσίν, μετὰ χερσίν to take a thing in hand, Od.; αἱρ. χερσὶ δόρυ Il.; αἱρ, τινὰ χειρός to take one by the hand, id=Il.:—part. ἑλών is sometimes used as adv., by force, Soph. take away, Hom. take by force, to take a city, Il., etc.; to overpower, kill, Hom., etc.:—often of passions, etc., to seize, id=Hom., etc.:—to conquer (in a race), Il. take, catch, as in hunting, in good sense, to win over, Xen., etc.:—c. part. to catch or detect one doing a thing, Soph. win, gain, κῦδος Il.; of the public games, Simon., etc. attic law-term, to convict a person of a thing, τινά τινος Ar., etc.: also c. part., αἱρεῖν τινὰ κλέπτοντα to convict of theft, id=Ar.; ἡιρῆσθαι κλοπεύς (sc. ὤν) Soph.; τοῦτ᾽ ἔστιν ἐμὲ αἱρήσει Plat.
5. λόγος αἱρέει, Lat. ratio evincit, reason proves, Hdt.
B.Mid. to take for oneself, Hom., etc.; αἱρ. δόρπον, δεῖπνον to take one's supper, id=Hom.:—so in most senses of Act. choose, id=Hom.: to take in preference, prefer one thing to another, τι πρό τινος Hdt.; τι ἀντί τινος Xen.; also, τί τινος Soph.; τι μᾶλλον . . , or μᾶλλόν τινος attic:—c. inf. to prefer to do, Hdt., etc.
2.αἱρεῖσθαι τά τινος or τινά to take another's part, join his party, id=Hdt., etc. choose by vote, elect to an office, Plat., etc.
C.Pass. to be taken, Hdt.; but ἁλίσκομαι is used in attic for Pass. Pass. to the mid. sense, to be chosen, in perf. ᾕρημαι (which is also mid.), Hdt., attic

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