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ἕτερος 1 crasis for ἕτερος, ionic οὕτερος, doric ὥτερος; neut. θάτερον attic, ionic τοὔτερον: pl. ἅτεροι, θάτερα, for οἱ ἕτεροι, τὰ ἕτερα: gen. θατέρου: dat. θατέρῳ: fem. nom. ἁτέρα, dat. θἀτέρᾳ

I.Lat. alter, the other, one of two, χειρὶ ἑτέρῃ Hom., v. infr. IV; χωλὸς ἕτερον πόδα, etc.:—then of all persons or things of which there are two, Lat. alteruter, Il.; τὴν ἑτ. πύλην one of the two gates, Hdt.; δυοῖν ἀγαθοῖν τὸ ἕτ. Thuc., etc.:—in pl. one of two parties, each of which is pl., Lat. alterutri, Hom. double clauses, ἕτερος (in Prose ἕτερος) is repeated, ἕτερον μὲν ἔδωκε, ἕτερον δ᾽ ἀνένευσε Il., etc.
3.often repeated in the same clause, ἐξ ἑτέρων ἕτερ᾽ ἐστίν one depends upon the other, Od.; ἕτεροι ἑτέρων ἄρχουσι the one rule the other, Thuc. Lat. alter, = δεύτερος, second, μὲν . . , δ᾽ ἑτέρη . . , δὲ τρίτη . . , Od., etc.; ἑτέρα (sc. ἡμέρα), the second day, i. e. day after to-morrow, Xen.:—so with Pronouns of quantity, ἕτερον τοσοῦτο another of the same size, Hdt.
II.put loosely for ἄλλος, Lat. alius, another, Hom., attic
III.other than usual, different, Od., etc.; ἕτ. καὶ οὐχ αὐτός Dem.:—c. gen. other than, different from, ἑτέρους τῶν νῦν ὄντων Thuc.; so, ἕτερον . . , Eur.
2.other than should be, other than good, euphem. for κακός, as Lat. sequior for malus, ἀγαθὰ θάτερα Dem.; and alone, ἑτ. θυσία Aesch., etc.
IV.Special Phrases:
1.elliptical, τῇ ἑτέρᾳ (sc. χειρί), epic τῇ ἑτέρῃ or ἑτέρῃφι with one hand, Il.; esp. with the left hand, Hom.
b.(sub. ἡμέρᾳ) on the next day, Soph., Xen.
c.(sub. ὁδῷ) 2n another or a different way, Soph., Ar.
2.Adverbial with Preps.,
a.ἐπὶ θάτερα to or on the other side, Thuc., etc.
b.κατὰ θάτερα on the one or other side, Dem.

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