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I.properly = διάφραγμα, the midriff or muscle which parts the heart and lungs (viscera thoracis) from the lower viscera (abdominis), Aesch.; usually in pl., Arist., etc. Hom., φρήν or φρένες = the parts about the heart, the breast, Lat. praecordia, Il.; φρένες ἀμφιμέλαιναι id=Il.
2.the heart, as the seat of the passions, Hom., etc.; ἐκ φρενός from one's very heart, Aesch.; φῦσαι φρένας to produce a haughty spirit, Soph.
3.the heart or mind, as the seat of thought, φρενὶ νοεῖν, ἐπίστασθαι Il., etc.; μετὰ φρεσὶ μερμηρίζειν Od.; κατὰ φρένα εἰδέναι, γνῶναι Il., etc.; κατὰ φρένα καὶ κατὰ θυμόν, as in Lat. mens animusque, id=Il.;—hence men lose their φρένες, i. e. their wits, Od.; πλήγη φρένας ἃς πάρος εἶχεν Il.;—so, in attic, φρενῶν ἀφεστάναι, ἐκστῆναι to be out of one's wits, Soph., Eur.; ποῦ ποτ᾽ εἰ φρενῶν; satisne sanus es? Soph.; φρενῶν ἐπήβολος in possession of one's senses, id=Soph.; ἔνδον φρενῶν Eur.; ἐξ ἄκρας φρενός, i. e. superficially, Aesch.
4.of beasts, Il.
5.will, purpose, Soph.

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