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ἰδιώτης 1 ἴδιος

I.a private person, an individual, ξυμφέροντα καὶ πόλεσι καὶ ἰδιώταις Thuc., etc. in a private station, opp. to one taking part in public affairs, Hdt., attic; opp. to στρατηγός, a private soldier, Xen.
2.a common man, plebeian, Plut. adj., ἰδ. βίος a private station, homely way of life, Plat. who has no professional knowledge, as we say "a layman," ἰατρὸς καὶ ἰδιώτης Thuc.; opp. to ποιητής, a prose-writer, Plat.; to a trained soldier, Thuc.; to a skilled workman, Plat.
2.c. gen. rei, unpractised, unskilled in a thing, Lat. expers, rudis, ἰατρικῆς id=Plat.; also, ἰδ. κατά τι Xen.
3.generally, a raw hand, an ignorant, ill-informed man, id=Xen., Dem.
IV.ἰδιῶται one's own countrymen, opp. to ξένοι, Ar.

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