previous next

ὀλίγος 1

I.of Number or Quantity, few, little, scanty, small, opp. to πολύς, Hom., etc.; the governing body in Oligarchies was called οἱ ὀλίγοι, Thuc., etc.
2.c. inf. too few to do a thing, Hdt., Thuc.
II.of Size, little, small, opp. to μέγας, Hom.; ὀλίγον οὐδέν little or nothing, Plat.
III.neut. ὀλίγον as adv., little, a little, slightly, Hom., Eur.; with comp. Adjs., ὀλίγον προγενέστερος Il.; ὀλ. ἧσσον Od.; so, ὀλ. τι πρότερον Hdt.; but ὀλίγῳ is more common with the comp. in Prose, id=Hdt., etc.
IV.special phrases:
1.ὀλίγου δεῖν almost, ὀλίγοῦ ἐδέησε καταλαβεῖν wanted but little of overtaking, id=Hdt.:—hence ὀλίγου alone, all but, almost, Od., attic; ὀλίγου ἐς χιλίους hard upon 1000, Thuc.
2.δι᾽ ὀλίγου (sc. χώρου) at a short distance, Aesch., etc.: also, δι᾽ ὀλίγου (sc. χρόνου) at short notice, suddenly, Thuc.:— δι᾽ ὀλίγων in few words, Plat.
3.ἐν ὀλίγῳ (sc. χώρῳ) in a small space, within small compass, Thuc.:—also, ἐν ὀλίγῳ (sc. χρόνῳ) in a short time, suddenly, Plat., NTest.
4.ἐν ὀλίγοις one among few, i. e. exceedingly, remarkably, Hdt.
6.ἐς ὀλίγον within a little, id=Thuc.
7.κατ᾽ ὀλίγον by little and little, id=Thuc.; but the adj. often takes the gender and number of its Subst., κατ᾽ ὀλίγους few at a time, in small parties, Hdt., Thuc.
8.μετ᾽ ὀλίγον τούτων shortly after these things, Xen.
9.παρ᾽ ὀλίγον within a little, almost, Eur.:—but, παρ᾽ ὀλ. ποιεῖσθαι to hold of small account, Xen.
V.the adv. ὀλίγως is rare, οὐκ ὀλίγως Anth.
1.the comp. is commonly supplied by μείων, ἥσσων or ἐλάσσων: the form ὀλίζων, ονος, is rare.
2.Sup. ὀλίγιστος, η, ον, Il., attic:— ὀλίγιστον or τὸ ὀλ., as adv., Lat. minime, Plat.; ὡς ὀλίγιστα id=Plat.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: