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πίπτω fall, fall down, Hom., etc.; πίπτειν ἐν κονίηισιν to fall in the dust, i. e. to fall and lie there, Il.; π. ἐν δεμνίοις Eur., etc.; or without ἐν, πεδίωι πίπτειν Il.; π. δεμνίοις Eur.; also, π. ἐπὶ χθονί Od.; ἐπὶ γᾶι Soph.; πρὸς πέδωι Eur.; with a Prep. of motion, π. ἐς πόντον Hes.; ἐπὶ γᾶν Aesch.; πρὸς οὖδας Eur.
B.Special usages: throw oneself down, fall down, πρὸς βρέτη θεῶν Aesch.; ἀμφὶ γόνυ τινός Eur. fall in battle, πίπτε δὲ λαός Il., etc.; οἱ πεπτωκότες the fallen, Xen.; π. δορί by the spear, Eur.; —π. ὑπό τινος to fall by another's hand, Hdt. fall, sink, ἄνεμος πέσε the wind fell (so Virg. cadunt austri), Od. fall short, fail, Plat.; of a play, to fail, Ar.
III.ἐκ θυμοῦ πίπτειν τινί to fall out of his favour, Il.; so, π. ἐξ ἐλπίδων Eur.: —reversely, π. ἐς κακότητα Theogn.; εἰς νόσον Aesch.; φόβον, ἀνάγκας Eur., Thuc., etc.; also, π. ἐν φόβωι Eur.; π. δυσπραξίαις Soph.
2.π. εἰς ὕπνον to fall asleep, id=Soph.; or simply ὕπνωι Aesch.
IV.πίπτειν μετὰ ποσσὶ γυναικός to fall between her feet, i. e. to be born, Il.
V.of the dice, τὰ δεσποτῶν εὖ πεσόντα θήσομαι I shall count my master's throws good or lucky, Aesch.; so of lots, κλῆρος π. τινί or παρά τινα Plat.; ἐπί τινα NTest.
2.generally, to fall, turn out, εὖ, καλῶς πίπτειν to be lucky, Eur., etc. fall under, belong to a class, Arist.

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