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before, Lat. prae:
I.of Place, before, in front of, πρὸ ἄστεος, πρὸ πυλάων Hom.; οὐρανόθι πρό Il.; χωρεῖν πρὸ δόμων to come out in front of, Soph.
2.before, in front of, for the purpose of shielding or guarding, στῆναι πρὸ Τρώων Il.:— in defence of, for, μάχεσθαι πρὸ γυναικῶν id=Il.; ὀλέσθαι πρὸ πόληος, Lat. pro patria mori, id=Il.
3.πρὸ ὁδοῦ further on the road, i. e. forwards, onward, Il.: (hence φροῦδος).
II.of Time, before, πρὸ γάμοιο Od.; πρὸ τοῦ ( = πρὸ τοῦ) ἐνόησεν one before the other, Il.; πρὸ τοῦ θανάτου Plat., etc.; πρὸ πολλοῦ long before, Hdt.; τὸ πρὸ τούτου before this, before, Thuc.; πρὸ τοῦ (often written προτοῦ) before, Hdt., attic other relations:
1.of Preference, before, sooner or rather than, κέρδος πρὸ δίκας αἰνῆσαι to praise sleight before right, Pind.; πᾶν πρὸ τῆς παρεούσης λύπης anything before, rather than their actual grievance, Hdt.; πρὸ πολλοῦ ποιεῖσθαι to esteem above much, i. e. very highly, Isocr.; so, πρὸ πολλῶν χρημάτων τιμᾶσθαι Thuc.: redundant, after a comp., τυραννὶς πρὸ ἐλευθερίης ἀσπαστότερον Hdt.
2.of Cause or Motive, Lat. prae, for, out of, from, πρὸ φόβοιο for fear, Il.; πρὸ τῶνδε there fore, Soph.
B.POSITION: never after its case, except after the epic gen. Ἰλιόθι πρό, οὐρανόθι πρό, ἠῶθι πρό.
C.πρό, absol. as adv.:
I.of Place, before, in front, forth, forward, Il.
II.of Time, before, beforehand, Od.: before, earlier, Hes.: prematurely, Aesch.
III.with other Preps. ἀποπρό, διαπρό, ἐπιπρό, περιπρό, προπρό, it strengthens the first prep.
I.with Substs., to denote
1.position before or in front, πρόθυρον, προπύλαια.
2.priority of rank, πρόεδρος; or of order, προοίμιον.
3.standing in another's place, πρόμαντις, πρόξενος.
II.with Adjs., to denote
1.proximity, readiness, πρόχειρος, πρόθυμος.
III.with Verbs,
1.of Place, before, forwards, προβαίνω, προβάλλω: also before, in defence, προκινδυνεύω.
2.forth, προέλκω, προφέρω:—also publicly, προειπεῖν. away, προδίδωμι.
4.before, in preference, προαιροῦμαι, προτιμάω.

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