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Perseus.over, above, w. gen, over, beyond, w. acc.
Lat. super:—hence are formed comp. and Sup. ὑπέρτερος, -τατος.
I.of Place, over, above: a state of rest, στέρνον ὑπὲρ μαζοῖο Il.; ὑπὲρ κεφαλῆς στῆναί τινι to stand over his head, Hom.: of countries, above, further inland, οἰκέοντες ὑπὲρ Ἁλικαρνησσοῦ μεσόγαιαν Hdt. a state of motion, over, across, ὑπὲρ θαλάσσης καὶ χθονὸς ποτωμένοις Aesch.
3.over, beyond, ὑπὲρ πόντου Od.
II.metaph., from the notion of standing over to protect, for, for defence of, in behalf of, ἑκατόμβην ῥέξαι ὑπὲρ Δαναῶν Il.; θύειν ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως Xen.; ὑπὲρ τῆς πατρίδος ἀμύνειν to fight for one's country, etc.
3.c. inf. for the purpose of, ὑπὲρ τοῦ μηδένα ἀποθνήσκειν to prevent any one from dying, Xen.
4.for, instead of, in the name of, ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ Thuc.; στρατηγῶν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν acting as general by commission from you, Dem.
B.WITH ACC., expressing that over and beyond which a thing goes,
I.of Place, over, beyond, Hom., Plat.
II.of Measure, over, above, exceeding, beyond, ὑπὲρ τὸ βέλτιστον Aesch.; ὑπὲρ ἐλπίδα Soph., etc.
2.of transgression, beyond, contrary to, ὑπὲρ αἶσαν, ὑπὲρ μοῖραν, ὑπὲρ ὅρκια Il.
III.of Number, above, upwards of, ὑπὲρ τεσσεράκοντα Hdt., Xen.; ὑπὲρ τὸ ἥμισυ more than half, Xen.
IV.of Time, beyond, i. e. before, earlier than, ὑπὲρ τὰ Μηδικὰ πόλεμος Thuc.
C.POSITION: ὑπέρ may follow its Subst., but then by anastrophe becomes ὕπερ, Hom., Trag.
D.AS ADV. over much, above measure, ὑπὲρ μὲν ἄγαν Eur.; written ὑπεράγαν, Strab., etc.
1.of Place, over, beyond, in ὑπερ-βαίνω, ὑπερ-πόντιος.
2.for, in defence of, in ὑπερ-ασπίζω, ὑπερ-αλγέω.

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