previous next

ὑπό epic ὑπαί before δ, π

Perseus.from under, by, c. gen. under, c. dat., towards c. acc.
Lat. sub, prep. with gen., dat. and acc.
I.of Place, from under, ῥέει κρήνη ὑπὸ σπείους Od.: of rescuing from under another's power, after the Verbs ἐρύεσθαι, ἁρπάζειν, Il.; ἵππους λῦσαν ὑπὸ ζυγοῦ they loosed the horses from under the yoke, Hom.
2.under, beneath, μοχλὸν ὑπὸ σποδοῦ ἤλασα thrust the bar in under the embers, Od.; ὑπὸ στέρνοιο τυχήσας having hit him under the breast, Il.; ὑπὸ χθονός Hom., etc.
II.of the Agent, with pass. Verbs, by, Lat. a or ab, ὑπό τινος δαμῆναι Il.; ὑφ᾽ ἑαυτοῦ by one's own action, i.e. of oneself, Thuc.; so also, with neut. verbs, φεύγειν ὑπό τινος, i. e. to flee before him, Il.; ἔπαινον ἔχειν ὑπό τινος Hdt.
3.of accompanying music, to the sound of, κωμάζειν ὑπ᾽ αὐλοῦ Hes.; πίνειν ὑπὸ σάλπιγγος Ar.: then, of anything attendant, δαΐδων ὑπὸ λαμπομενάων ἠγίνεον by torchlight, Il.; ὑπ᾽ εὐφήμου βοῆς θῦσαι to offer a sacrifice accompanied by it, Soph.; ὑπὸ πομπῆς in or with solemn procession, Hdt.
B.WITH DAT. of Place or Position, ὑπὸ ποσσί Il.; ὑπὸ πλατανίστῳ id=Il.; ὑπ᾽ Ἰλίῳ under its walls, Eur.; ὑφ᾽ ἅρμασι under, i. e. yoked to, the chariot, Il.
2.ὑπὸ χερσί τινος δαμῆναι to be subdued under, i. e. by force of his arms, id=Il.; ὑπὸ δουρὶ δαμῆναι id=Il.
II.of the person under whose power or influence a thing is done, φέβεσθαι ὑπό τινι to flee before him, id=Il.; ὑπὸ πομπῇ τινος βῆναι to go under his convoy, id=Il.
2.expressing subjection, ὑπό τινι under one's power, Od.; εἶναι ὑπό τινι to be subject to him, Thuc.; ἔχειν ὑφ᾽ ἑαυτῷ to have under one, Xen.
3.of things coming under a class, ἐργασίαι ὑπὸ ταῖς τέχναις Plat. in A. II. 3, ὑπ᾽ αὐλητῆρι πρόσθ᾽ ἔκιον advanced to the music of the flute-player, Hes.: generally, of attendant circumstances, ἐξ ἁλὸς εἶσι πνοιῇ ὕπο Ζεφύροιο Od.; ὑπὸ σκότῳ, νυκτί Aesch.
C.WITH ACCUS. of Place, towards and under, ὑπὸ σπέος ἤλασε μῆλα drove them under, i.e. into, the cave, Il.; ὑπὸ ζυγὸν ἤγαγεν Od.; ὑπὸ δικαστήριον ἄγειν to bring under or before the tribunal, Hdt. ὑπό c. dat. without sense of motion, ὑπ᾽ ἠῶ τ᾽ ἠέλιόν τε everywhere under the sun, Il.; ὑπὸ τὴν ἄρκτον Hdt.; τὸ ὑπὸ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν Thuc.
II.of subjection, ποιεῖσθαι ὑπὸ σφᾶς id=Thuc., etc.
III.of Time, like Lat. sub, just after, just about, ὑπὸ νύκτα towards night, Il.; ὑπὸ ταῦτα about that time, Hdt.; ὑπὸ τὸν νηὸν κατακαέντα about the time of its burning, Il.; ὑπὸ τὸν σεισμόν about the time of the earthquake, Thuc.
IV.of accompaniment, ὑπὸ αὐλὸν διαλέγεσθαι Xen.
V.ὑπό τι, as adv. to a certain degree, in some measure, Lat. aliquatenus, Plat.
D.POSITION: ὑπό can always follow its Subst., becoming by anastrophe ὕπο.
E.AS ADV., under, below, beneath, Hom.
2.behind, Hdt.
II.secretly, unnoticed, Il.
I.under, both of rest and motion, as ὕπ-ειμι, ὑπο-βαίνω.
2.of the casing or covering of one thing with another, as ὑπό-χρυσος. express subjection, ὑπο-δαμνάω, ὑφ-ηνίοχος.
II.somewhat, a little, ὑπο-κινέω, ὑπό-λευκος: underhand, secretly, ὑπο-θωπεύω.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: