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ăb-ălĭēno , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., orig. make alien from one or from one's self, i.e. to remove, separate.
I. Prop.
A. In gen.: “istuc crucior a viro me tali abalienarier,to be separated from such a man, Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 11; so id. Trin. 2, 4, 112 and 156 (but in Ter. Heaut. 5, 2, 26, the correct read. is alienavit).—
B. In partic.
1. T. t., to convey the ownership of a thing to another, to make a legal transfer, to sell, alienate (cf. abalienatio): “eam (picturam) vendat: ni in quadriduo Abalienârit, quo ex argentum acceperit,has sold, Plaut. As. 4, 1, 20; so, “agros vectigales populi Romani,Cic. Agr. 2, 24, 64; cf. id. ib. 2, 27, 72: “praedium,Dig. 10, 3, 14: “pecus,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 50, § 119: “sepulcrum,Inscr. Orell. 4357: “aliquid ab se,ib. 3673.—*
2. In med. lang.: “membra morbis atalienata,” i. e. dead, Quint. 8, 3, 75: “opium sensus abalienat,makes unconscious, Scrib. Comp. 190: cf. id. ib. 192.
II. Trop.
A. In gen., to separate, remove, abstract: “nisi mors meum animum aps to abalienavit,Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 18; so, “assueti malis abalienaverant ab sensu rerum suarum animos,had abstracted their thoughts from, Liv. 5, 42 fin.: “de minuti capite, abalienati jure civium,deprived of, id. 22, 60, 15.
B. In partic., to alienate, estrange, render disaffected (Ciceron.: syn.: alienare, inimicissimum reddere, disjungere; opp. conciliare, retinere); constr. aliquem or aliquid. with ab, the abl. or acc. only, or quite absol. (a) With ab: “si in homines caros acerbius invehare, nonne a te judices abalienes?Cic. de Or. 2, 75, 304; so id. ib. 2, 48 fin.; 3, 25, 98; id. Fam. 1, 8, 4; Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 27: “vaide benevolentiam concillant abalienantque ab iis, in quibus, etc.,id. de Or. 2, 43, 182: “animum ab se,Liv. 45, 6, 1. —
(β). With abl.: “quo erant ipsl propter judicia abalienati,Cic. de Or. 2, 48, 199 B. and K.: quod Tissaphernes perjurio suo et homines suis rebus abalienaret et deos sibi iratos redderet, Nep. Ages. 2, 5 (cf. supra, II. A., the passage of Liv. 22, 60, 15). —
(δ). Absol. (very rate): “timebant ne arguendo abalienarent,Liv. 5, 2 fin. (for which, in the foll. ch.: ita Campanos abalienavit).
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