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ap-prĕhendo (adp- , Fleck., Baiter, Halm; app- , Kayser) (poet. sometimes apprendo: adprendas, Caecil. ap. Gell. 15, 9;
I.apprensus,Tac. A. 4, 8; Stat. S. 3, 4, 43; “apprendere,Sil. 13, 653), di, sum, 3, v. a., to lay hold upon, to seize, take hold of (class., esp. in prose; syn.: prehendo, comprehendo, cupio, arripio, corripio).
I. In gen.
B. Trop.
1. Of discourse: “quidquid ego apprehenderam statim accusator extorquebat e manibus,whatever I had brought forward, alleged, Cic. Clu. 19, 52: “nisi caute adprehenditur,is laid hold of, employed, Quint. 10, 2, 3.—
2. To grasp with the mind, to understand, comprehend: “passio apprehensa,Cael. Aur. Tard. 3, 5, 70; Tert. adv. Val. 11.—
3. For complector, to embrace, include: “casum testamento,Dig. 28, 2, 10: “personam filii (sc. in stipulatione),ib. 45, 1, 56.—
II. Esp., to seize, to take, or lay hold of, to apprehend: “a militibus adprehensus,Gell. 5, 14, 26: “furem adprehendere,Dig. 13, 7, 11: “fugitivum,ib. 11, 4, 1.—Hence,
A. * In milit. lang., to take possession of: “adprehendere Hispanias,Cic. Att. 10, 8 init. (cf. Caes. B. C. 3, 112: Pharon prehendit); and in gen. to lay hold of, to get, secure, obtain (eccl. Lat.): “adprehende vitam aeternam,Vulg. 1 Tim. 6, 12; “6, 19: justitiam,righteousness, ib. Rom. 9, 30.—
B. As med. t., of disease, to seize: “Ubi libido veniet nauseae eumque adprehendit, decumbat etc.,Cato, R. R. 156, 4.—So in gen. of fear, pain, trouble (eccl. Lat.): “tremor adprehendit eam,Vulg. Jer. 49, 24: “dolor,ib. 2 Macc. 9, 5: “angustia,ib. Jer. 50, 43: “stupor,ib. Luc. 5, 26: “tentatio,ib. 1 Cor. 10, 13.
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