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bēlŭa (not bellŭa ), ae, f. (belua, dissyl., Varr. ap. Non. p. 201, 26) [perh. kindr. with θήρ, fera, as uber with οὖθαρ, and paulus with παῦρος],
I.a beast distinguished for size or ferocity, a monster (as an elephant, lion, wild boar, whale, etc.; cf.: “bestia, fera): elephanto beluarum nulla prudentior,Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97; id. Fam. 7, 1, 3; Curt. 8, 9, 29: “ea genera beluarum, quae in Rubro Mari Indiāve gignantur,Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97: “singulas stellas numeras deos, eosque beluarum nomine appellas,id. ib. 3, 16, 40; cf. * Lucr. 4, 143: “fera et immanis,Cic. Ac. 2, 34, 108: “vasta et immanis,id. Div. 1, 24, 49: “saeva,Hor. C. 1, 12, 22: “ingens,id. S. 2, 3, 316: “centiceps,id. C. 2, 13, 34 al.
B. Esp. freq., κατ̓ ἐξοχἠν, the elephant, Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 25 Ruhnk.: “jam beluarum terror exoleverat,Flor. 1, 18, 9; cf. Graev. ib. 2, 6, 49; Sil. 11, 543: “quis (gladiis) appetebant beluarum manus,Curt. 8, 14, 33 al. —Hence with the epithets, Inda, Ov. Tr. 4, 6, 7: “Gaetula,Juv. 10, 158.—
II. Sometimes, in gen., a beast, animal (even of small and tame animals): “quo quidem agno sat scio magis curiosam nusquam esse ullam beluam,Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 26.— The lower animals, as distinguished from man: “quantum natura hominis pecudibus reliquisque beluis antecedat,Cic. Off. 1, 30, 105; 2, 5, 16 and 17; id. N. D. 2, 39, 99; 2, 47, 122.—
III. Trop.
B. Of abstract objects: “quod, ut feram et inmanem beluam, sic ex animis nostris adsensionem extraxisset,Cic. Ac. 2, 34, 108: “amicos increpans, ut ignaros, quanta belua esset imperium,Suet. Tib. 24: “avaritia, belua fera,Sall. Rep. Ordin. 2, 54 (p. 274 Gerl.).
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