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cŭpĭdus , a, um, adj. cupio,
I.longing, desiring, desirous, eager, in a good and bad sense, wishing, loving, fond, etc. (very freq. and class.); constr. with gen., abl., inf., in, or absol.
I. In a good sense.
1. Of persons.
(α). With gen.: “ejus videndi cupidus,Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 12; so, “huc redeundi, abeundi a milite, Vosque hic videndi,id. ib. 1, 2, 16: “redeundi domum,id. ib. 3, 1, 3: “bellandi,Caes. B. G. 1, 2: “te audiendi,Cic. de Or. 2, 4, 16: “valde spectandi,id. ib. 1, 35, 162: satis faciendi rei publicae, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 18, 1 et saep.: “vitae,Lucr. 6, 1238; Cic. Fam. 14, 4, 1: “mortis,Hor. S. 2, 2, 98: “liberorum,Quint. 4, 2, 42: “sententiarum,id. 5, 13, 31: “pacis,Hor. S. 2, 1, 44 et saep.—Comp.: “contentionis quam veritatis,Cic. de Or. 1, 11, 47.—Sup.: “litterarum,Nep. Cato, 3, 1: “nostri,Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 104. —
(β). With inf.: “attingere,Prop. 1, 19, 9: “moriri,Ov. M. 14, 215.—*
2. Of things: “equorum Vis cupida,Lucr. 2, 265.—
II. In a bad sense, passionately desiring or longing for, eager, greedy, lustful, passionate.
A. In gen.
1. Of persons.
(α). With gen.: “auri,Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51; cf. “pecuniae,Cic. Verr. 1, 3, 8: “damni,Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 34: “vini,id. ib. 1, 2, 50 (not vino, v. Ritschl ad h. l.): “rerum novarum, imperii,Caes. B. G. 5, 6; cf.: “rerum novarum,id. ib. 1, 18: “cujuscumque motūs novi,Tac. H. 1, 80; and: “nullius rei nisi imperii,Nep. Reg. 2, 2: “laedendi,Quint. 5, 7, 16: “maledicendi,id. 6, 2, 16 et saep.—
B. In partic.
1. Longing from love, pining, languishing for, loving.
2. Desirous of money, avaricious, covetous, Quint. 11, 1, 88: “multitudo cupidorum hominum,Cic. Imp. Pomp. 22, 64: “homo castus ac non cupidus,id. Sest. 43, 93; Vitr. 1, 1, 7; so in sup., Suet. Vesp. 16.—
3. Devoted to a party, favoring any one, partial: “quaestores vehementer (Verris),Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 12: “cupidi et irati et conjurati testes,id. Font. 10, 21 (6, 11): “judices (with infesti, invidentes),Tac. Or. 31; cf. comp.: “judex,Cic. Caecin. 3, 8; “and auctor,id. Clu. 24, 66.—Hence, -pĭdē , adv., eagerly, in a good and bad sense, zealously, passionately, vehemently, ardently, warmly, partially, etc. (freq. and class.), Plaut. Stich. 2, 1, 11; Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 1; Cic. Att. 6, 3, 3; id. Rosc. Am. 18, 50; id. Phil. 2, 21, 52; Nep. Arist. 1, 4; Quint. 1, 3, 13; Cat. 63, 2; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 100 et saep.—Comp., Caes. B. G. 1, 15; 5, 15; Liv. 3, 32, 3 al.Sup., Caes. B. G. 1, 40; id. B. C. 2, 20; Sall. C. 40, 4 al.
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