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căreo , ui, ĭtum (carĭtūrus, Ov. H. 4, 1; id. M. 2, 222; 14, 132; Sen. Ben. 1, 11, 1; Curt. 10, 2, 27; Just. 4, 5, 1; Plin. 20, 21, 84, § 224.—
I.Part. pr. gen. plur. carentum, Lucr. 4, 35; Verg. G. 4, 255; 4, 472), 2 (pres. subj. carint = careant, Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 1.— Dep. form careor, acc. to Caper ap. Prisc. p. 797 P.), v. n. cf. κείρω, καρῆναι; Germ. scheeren; Engl. shear, to be cut off from, be without, to want, be in want of, not to have, whether in a good or bad sense; but κατ̓ ἐξοχήν, to be devoid of, to want, to be without some good; and with reference to the subjective state of mind, to miss it (accordingly, of a good that is merely desirable, while egere is used of the want of that which is necessary); constr. regularly with abl.; in ante-class. poets also with gen. or acc. (the latter also in late Lat.).
I. To be without, devoid of, not to have, to be free from (corresp. with abesse, Cic. Rosc. Am. 20, 55; “and opp. frui,id. Tusc. 3, 18, 40).
2. To be without a thing from free-will, i.e. to deprive one's self of a thing not to make use of it, to deny one's self a thing, to abstain from (syn.: abstineo, absum; hence opp. utor; v. the foll.): “temeto,Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 59; Cic. Rep. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 5, 18; cf. “vino,Plaut. As. 4, 1, 57: “nec Veneris fructu,renounces not. Lucr. 4, 1073: “lubidinibus,Sall. C. 13, 5: “amicorum facultatibus,Nep. Epam. 3, 4: “mulieribus facile,id. Phoc. 1, 3; cf. absol.: “satiatis vero et expletis jucundius est carere quam frui,Cic. Sen. 14, 47.—With acc.: “Tandem non ego illam caream, ei sit opus, vel totum triduom?Ter. Eun. 2, 1, 18.— Hence,
3. Of localities, to hold one's self aloof from, not to go to; or merely, to be absent from (cf. abstineo, II.): “foro, senatu, publico,Cic. Mil. 7, 18; cf.: “provinciā domoque,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 19, § 41: “aspectu civium,id. Cat. 1, 7, 17: “declamationibus nostris,id. Fam. 7, 33, 1: “forensi luce,id. Brut. 8, 32: “patria,Nep. Pelop. 1, 4; Tac. A. 4, 58: “Roma,Cic. Att. 9, 19, 1.—
II. To be deprived of, to be without, to feel the want of, to want something that is desirable: “voluptate virtus saepe caret, nunquam indiget,Sen. Vit. Beat. 7, 2: “patriā,Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 85: “quam huic erat miserum carere consuetudine amicorum, societate victus, sermone omnino familiari!Cic. Tusc. 5, 22, 63: “hac luce,id. ib. 1, 6, 12: “voluptatibus,id. Sen. 3, 7: “commodis omnibus,id. Rosc. Am. 15, 44: “provinciis atque oris Italiae maritimis ac portibus nostris,id. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55: “tali munere,Verg. A. 5, 651: “citharā,Hor. C. 1, 31, 20: “vate sacro,id. ib. 4, 9, 28: “patrio sepulcro,id. S. 2, 3, 196: “libertate,id. Ep. 1, 10, 40: “honore,Ov. M. 15, 614: “laude,Quint. 2, 20, 10 al.: “caret omni Majorum censu,has lost, dissipated, Juv. 1, 59.—
b. With gen.: “tui carendum quod erat,Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 20; so Laev. ap. Gell. 19, 7, 7.—
c. With acc.: “quia Id quod amo careo,Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 49; cf. id. Poen. 4, 1, 4: eos parentes careo, Turp. ap. Non. p. 466, 8: “DVLCEM. CARVI. LVCEM. CVM. TE. AMISI.,Inscr. Grut. 572, 7; so ib. 770, 9; “hence careri,pass., Marc. Emp. 36 med.; cf.: “virque mihi dempto fine carendus abest,Ov. H. 1, 50.—
B. With the access. idea of the subjective state of mind or feeling, to feel the want of a thing, to miss: triste enim est nomen ipsum carendi, quia subicitur haec vis; habuit, non habet; “desiderat, requirit, indiget,Cic. Tusc. 1, 36, 87; cf. “the context: carere igitur hoc significat, egere eo quod habere velis,id. ib. § “88: non caret is qui non desiderat,id. Sen. 14, 47.
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