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cĕler , ĕris, e (
I.masc. cĕleris , Cato ap. Prisc. p. 760 P.; fem. celer, Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. l. l.; cf. acer; sup. celerissimus, Enn. and Manlius ap. Prisc. l. l.) [cello; cf. Doed. Syn. 2, pp. 123 and 93, urging, pressing forward; cf. also 1. cello], swift, fleet, quick, speedy (with the access. idea of energy, struggling, and even power; v. Doed. above cited; syn.: expeditus, promptus, velox, citatus; opp. tardus, segnis, lentus).
I. Of corporeal objects: “face te propere celerem,Plaut. Trin. 4, 3, 1: “hasta, Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. l. l.: sagitta,Hor. C. 3, 20, 9; Ov. M. 5, 367: configebat tardus celeres (sc. aves), Att. ap. Cic. Fin. 5, 11, 32: “pennae,Hor. C. 3, 29, 53: “Mercurius,id. ib. 2, 7, 13: “Cynthia,id. ib. 3, 28, 12: “Diana,Ov. M. 4, 304: “deae,id. ib. 2, 119: “rivi,Hor. C. 3, 11, 14: “curriculum,Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 13: “flamma,Lucr. 2, 192; cf. id. 5, 302: “ignis,Hor. C. 3, 4, 76: “motus,Lucr. 4, 177; cf.: “celer atque instabilis motus,Caes. B. G. 4, 23, 5: “receptus,id. B. C. 1, 59: “lapsus,Lucr. 4, 324; Ov. M. 6, 216: “ictus,Lucr. 3, 636: “impete,id. 6, 334: “turbo,Verg. A. 12, 855: “venti,Hor. C. 1, 12, 10; 1, 15, 3; 1, 14, 5: “cerva,Cat. 64, 341: “canis,Tib. 4, 3, 14: “equus,id. 1, 2, 70; 4, 1, 91: “lupi,id. 2, 1, 20: “classis,Cat. 64, 53: “ratis,id. 63, 1: “navis,id. 4, 2: “carina,Ov. M. 9, 447: “lintres,Prop. 1, 14, 3: “pedes,id. 3 (4), 9, 18: “remedia,quickly working, efficacious, Nep. Att. 21, 2.—Poet. with gen. gerund: “nandi,Sil. 4, 587.—With inf.: “excipere aprum,Hor. C. 3, 12, 11; so id. ib. 4, 6, 39; id. Ep. 1, 20, 25.—Poet., celer for celeriter, Ov. M. 2, 119; 2, 838; 9, 765.—
II. Of mental and abstract objects: “oderunt Sedatum celeres,lively, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 90; cf. Vell. 2, 73: “mens, quā nihil est celerius,Cic. Or. 59, 200; cf. Lucr. 3, 183: “oratio celeris et concitata,rapid, hurried, Cic. de Or. 2, 21, 88; cf. Quint. 9, 4, 138; 9, 4, 83; 9, 4, 111; “9, 4, 135: consilium,Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 1.—
B. Implying reproach, rash, hasty, precipitate: “consilia,Liv. 9, 32, 3; so id. 22, 38, 13; cf. id. 2, 51, 7; “and so iambi (of the fire of youth),rash, hasty, Hor. C. 1, 16, 24: “victoria,Caes. B. G. 7, 47, 3: “desperatio rerum,Liv. 21, 1, 5: “ratione,Lucr. 4, 144; 4, 255; 4, 775: “fata celerrima,Verg. A. 12, 507: “mors,Tib. 4, 1, 205.—Adv., quickly, speedily (syn.: velociter, cito, continuo, confestim, festinanter).
a. cĕlĕrĕ , Enn. et Nov. ap. Non. p. 510, 9 sq.; Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 4.—
b. cĕlĕrĭter , Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 2; Cic. Att. 15, 27, 1; id. Fam. 3, 1, 2; 9, 11, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 18; 1, 52 et saep.—Comp. celerius, Cic. Verr 2, 3, 24, § 60; Caes. B. G. 1, 48; 2, 3; Nep. Cim. 3, 2 al.Sup. celerrime, Cic. Fin. 2, 14, 45; Caes. B. G. 1, 37 al.
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