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Chī^os (Chīus , Cic. Arat. 422), ii, f., = Χίος,
I.an island in the Ægean Sea, on the coast of Ionia, with a capital of the same name, distinguished in ancient times for its excellent wine and marble, now Scio, or Khio, Mel. 2, 7, 4; Plin. 5, 31, 38, § 136; Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 1; 1, 11, 21; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 48, § 127; Nep. Chabr.4 al.—Hence,
II. Chīus (Chĭus, Avien. Arat. 251 and 1179), a, um, adj., = Χῖος, of Chios, Chian: “insula,Varr. R. R. 2, prooem. § 3; also absol. Chīa, Plin. 5, 31, 38, § 136: “terra,id. 35, 16, 56, § 194: “marmor,id. 5, 31, 38, § 136: “lapis,id. 36, 17, 28, § 132: “vinum,Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 79; Hor. Epod. 9, 34: “cadus,Tib. 2, 1, 28; Hor. C. 3, 19, 5; also absol. Chium (sc. vinum), Chian wine, Hor. S. 1, 10, 24; 2, 3, 115; 2, 8, 15 and 48: “ficus (also of peculiar excellence),Varr. R. R. 1, 41, 6; also absol. Chia, Col. 10, 414; Mart. 7, 25; 13, 23.—Fine cloth also was made at Chios, Lucr. 4, 1126.—The Chians were noted for generous living; “hence, a puero vitam Chiam gessi,Petr. 63, 3.—Chius is also a name for the constellation Scorpio, since, acc. to the fable, Orion was put to death at Chios by Diana by means of a scorpion, Avien. Arat. 1136; 251 al.; cf. Cic. Arat. 422 sq.—In plur. subst.: Chii , ōrum, m., the Chians, Cic. Arch. 8, 19; Liv. 37, 27, 5 al.
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