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circum-do , dĕdi, dătum, dăre, v. a., lit.
I.to put, set, or place around, i. e. both to wrap around (e. g. a mantle). and also to enclose (e. g. a town with a wall; syn.: cingo, vestio, saepio, circumvallo al.), with a twofold construction (cf. Zumpt, Gr. § 418).
I. Aliquid (alicui rei), to place something around something, to put, set around, etc. (class. in prose and poetry).
(β). Without a dat.: “caedere januam saxis, ligna et sarmenta circumdare ignemque subicere coeperunt,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 27, § 69; 2, 1, 31, § 80: “ignes,id. Pis. 38, 93: “custodias,id. Cat. 4, 4, 8: “armata circumdatur Romana legio,Liv. 1, 28, 3: “exercitu circumdato summā vi Cirtam irrumpere nititur,Sall. J. 25, 9: “circumdatae stationes,Tac. A. 1, 50: “murus circumdatus,Caes. B. G. 1, 38: “turris toto opere circumdedit,id. ib. 7, 72: “circumdato vallo,Curt. 3, 2, 2: “lauream (sc. capiti),Suet. Vit. 9.—Subst.: circumdăti , ōrum, m., those around, the surrounding soldiers: “circumdatos Antonius adloquitur,Tac. H. 3, 63.—With an abl. loci: “toto oppido munitiones,Hirt. B. G. 8, 34 fin.: “equites cornibus,Liv. 33, 18, 9; and without dat., Tac. A. 14, 53.—With two accs.: “circumdare terram radices,Cato, R. R. 114; “and per tmesin,id. ib. 157.—
B. Trop. (most freq. in Tac.): “cancelli, quos mihi ipse circumdedi,Cic. Quint. 10, 36: “nescio an majora vincula majoresque necessitates vobis quam captivis vestris fortuna circumdederit,Liv. 21, 43, 3: “egregiam famam paci circumdedit,” i. e. conferred, imparted, Tac. Agr. 20; cf.: “principatus inanem ei famam,id. H. 4, 11; id. Or. 37: “principi ministeria,id. H. 2, 59; id. A. 14, 15.—In a Greek construction: “infula virgineos circumdata comptus,encompassing, Lucr. 1, 88; Tac. H. 4, 45; id. A. 16, 25.—
II. Aliquem or aliquid (aliquā re), to surround some person or thing (with something), to encompass, enclose, encircle with.
A. Lit.
B. Trop.: “omni autem totam figuram mundi levitate circumdedit,Cic. Univ. 6 init.: “exiguis quibusdam finibus oratoris munus circumdedisti,have confined, circumscribed, id. de Or. 1, 62, 264; cf.: “minus octoginta annis circumdatum aevum,Vell. 1, 17, 2: “pueritiam robore,Tac. A. 12, 25: “fraude,Sil. 7, 134; cf. id. 12, 477: “monstrorum novitate,Quint. Decl. 18, 1.
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