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circum-dūco , xi, ctum, 3, v. a. (
I.imper. circumduce, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 83; id. Most. 3, 2, 159; id. Mil. 2, 2, 66), to lead or draw around (class.; esp. freq. in milit. lang.; in Cic. perh. only once).
B. Of things: Casilinum coloniam deduxisti, ut vexillum tolleres, ut aratrum circumduceres (as usu. in founding a new city; v. aratrum), * Cic. Phil. 2, 40, 102; cf.: “oppida, quae prius erant circumducta aratro,Varr. L. L. 5, § 143 Müll.: bracchium (v. bracchium), Auct. B. Hisp. 6; Suet. Claud. 20: “flumen Dubis, ut circino circumductum, paene totum oppidum cingit,Caes. B. G. 1, 38: “utro modo vero id circumductum est (of a round hole),Cels. 8, 3, 16: “litteras subicere et circumducere,” i. e. when a line is filled, to place the remaining letters of a word below the line, and draw circular marks around them, to indicate that they belong above, Suet. Aug. 87 fin.; cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 3, 204 and 226: “umbra hominis lineis circumducta,” i.e. represented by outlines, sketched, Plin. 35, 3, 5, § 15.—
II. Trop.
A. In conversat. language, aliquem aliqua re or absol., to deceive, cheat, impose upon (syn.: “circumvenio, decipio, fraudo, fallo): aliquem argento,Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 39; 1, 5, 16: “quadrigentis Philippis filius me et Chrusalus circumduxerunt,id. Bacch. 5, 2, 64; cf. id. ib. 2, 3, 77: “quā me potes, circumduce, aufer,id. As. 1, 1, 84; id. Poen. 5, 5, 8; 5, 2, 16; id. Ps. 1, 5, 115; Dig. 42, 33, 1 al.
B. Of discourse, to use circumlocution, to prolong: “cum sensus unus longiore ambitu circumducitur,Quint. 9, 4, 124; cf. id. 10, 2, 17.—
C. In prosody, to speak drawlingly, to drawl out; only in Quint. 11, 3, 172; 12, 10, 33; 1, 5, 23 Spald. and Zumpt.—
D. In jurid. Lat., to draw lines around a law, i. e. to cancel, annul, abrogate (cf. cancello, II., and circumscribo, II. D.), Dig. 5, 1, 73; 40, 12, 27; 49, 1, 22.
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