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-ĕo , īvi or ii (e. g. coierunt, Caes. B. G. 6, 22:
I. To go or come together, to meet, assemble, collect together (so mostly poet. or in post-Aug. prose); constr. absol., with ad aliquem, ad or in locum, more rar. in loco: “matronae ad Veturiam Volumniamque frequentes coëunt,Liv. 2, 40, 1: “in porticum,Plin. Ep. 1, 5, 9: “ad solitum locum,Ov. M. 4, 83: “ad aliquem,Curt. 7, 2, 21: Pharsaliam, * Cat. 64, 37: “quo (sc. in sedilia theatri) populus coibat,Hor. A. P. 207: “in regiam,Curt. 6, 8, 17: “in quem (locum) coibatur,Tac. A. 4, 69: “apud aram ejus dei in cujus templo coiretur,Suet. Aug. 35: “cum rege in insulā,Vell. 2, 101, 1: “in foro,Just. 5, 7, 6: “milia crabronum coeunt,Ov. F. 3, 753; id. H. 7, 123 Loers.: “coivere amicis animis,Curt. 8, 12, 9; 10, 3, 6: “agmina coibant,id. 10, 9, 15; Tac. A. 16, 5; id. H. 1, 27; 2, 52.—
b. Poet.: “vix memini nobis verba coisse decem,” i. e. have passed between us, Prop. 3 (4), 15, 8.
B. Specif., to go or come together in a hostile manner, to encounter: “inter se coiisse viros et cernere ferro,Verg. A. 12, 709; cf. id. G. 4, 73; Ov. M. 3, 236; Luc. 2, 225; Manil. 4, 83; Val. Fl. 5, 635; Stat. Th. 16, 408.—
II. Pregn., to form a whole by coming together, to be united into a whole, to unite, combine (the usu. class. signif.); constr. absol., with cum, or dat.
A. Lit.
b. Of the coition of the sexes (both of men and animals), to copulate, Lucr. 4, 1055; cf. Ov. M. 11, 744: “cum alienā uxore,Quint. 7, 3, 10: “coisse eam cum viro,id. 5, 9, 5: “dominum cum ancillā,id. 5, 11, 35: “cum hospitibus stupro,Curt. 5, 1, 37 al.: “privigno,Ov. H. 4, 129: “simul binis,Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 17, 5: “sic et aves coëunt,Ov. M. 9, 733; 10, 324; id. A. A. 2, 615; Col. 6, 27, 3 sq.; Ov. F. 3, 193 al.; cf., of marriage,
B. b.. infra.—
2. Transf., of things: membra. Ov. M. 4, 377; cf. Quint. 11, 3, 96: ignes coire globum quasi in unum, roll together, as into a ball, etc., Lucr. 5, 665; cf. id. 2, 563: “sanguenque creari Sanguinis inter se multis coëuntibu' guttis,out of many little drops running together, id. 1, 838; cf.: “ut coëat lac,to curdle, Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 4; Col. 12, 20, 4: “bitumen spissatur et in densitatem coit,thickens, Plin. 35, 15, 51, § 178; cf.: “gelidus coit formidine sanguis,Verg. A. 3, 30: “semina,Lucr. 3, 395; cf. id. 1, 770; 5, 190; 5, 425: “tum digiti coëunt,Ov. M. 2, 670; Quint. 11, 3, 21: “ut cornua tota coirent Efficerentque orbem,Ov. M. 7, 179; cf. Verg. A. 11, 860: “palpebrae dormientis non coëunt,do not close, Cels. 2, 8: “labris coëuntibus,Quint. 8, 3, 45 et saep.: “perfectum quiddam fieri, cum omnia coierunt, necesse est,id. 11, 3, 9; 9, 1, 9; 2, 19, 2; cf. id. 1, 5, 67: “quae littera cum quāque optime coëat,id. 9, 4, 91: “ut placidis coëant immitia,Hor. A. P. 12.—Of wounds, to close: “arteria incisa neque coit neque sanescit,Cels. 2, 10; cf.: “potest os coire et vulnus sanescere,id. 8, 10; so Plin. 11, 39, 93, § 227; Prop. 3 (4), 24, 18; Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 41; 5, 2, 9; and poet.: “an male sarta Gratia nequicquam coit et rescinditur?Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 32; Petr. 113, 8.—
B. Trop., to unite for some object, in feeling, will, conclusions, etc., to join together, assimilate, combine, agree, ally one's self: “Caesar cum eo coire per Arrium cogitat,Cic. Att. 1, 17, 11: “cum hoc tu coire ausus es, ut ... addiceres, etc.,id. Red. in Sen. 7, 16; id. Dom. 18, 47: “principes, quitum unā coierunt, quantum visum est agri adtribuunt,Caes. B. G. 6, 22: heri aliquot adulescentuli coimus in Piraeo (Piraeum ap. Cic. Att. 7, 3, 10), Ter. Eun. 3, 4, 1 (consensimus ac pepigimus, Don.): “duodecim adulescentuli coierunt ex his, qui exsilio erant multati, etc.,conspired together, Nep. Pelop. 2, 3; cf.: “sed neque cum quoquam de re collocuturum neque coiturum: sic, ille consensionis globus hujus unius dissensione disjectus est,id. Att. 8, 4: “patricii coiere et interregem creavere,Liv. 4, 7, 7: “mos est regibus, quotiens in societatem coëant, implicare dextras, etc.,Tac. A. 12, 47; hence poet.: “coëant in foedera dextrae,Verg. A. 11, 292; Tac. H. 3, 12: “ad nullius non facinoris societatem coibant,Suet. Aug. 32; and, like this, with changed construction.—
b. Esp. of the marriage contract (poet. and in post-Aug. prose); cf.: “taedae quoque jure coissent,Ov. M. 4, 60: “conubio,Curt. 8, 1, 9: “nuptiis,id. 9, 1, 26; Quint. 5, 11, 32: “matrimonio,Dig. 24, 1, 27: “in matrimonium,ib. 45, 1, 134; cf.: “hac gener atque socer coëant mercede suorum,” i. e. in the marriage of Æneas with Lavinia, Verg. A. 7, 317.—
2. Act.: coire societatem (cum aliquo or absol.), to enter into an alliance, to make a compact, form a league (with some one; “several times in Cic.): utinam, Pompei, cum Caesare societatem aut numquam coisses aut numquam diremisses!Cic. Phil. 2, 10, 24; Nep. Con. 2, 2: “societatem sceleris,Cic. Rosc. Am. 34, 96: “de municipis fortunis,id. ib. 31, 87; Dig. 17, 2, 65, § 10: “qui societatem in tempus coiit,ib. 17, 2, 65, § 6.—
3. Pass.: “ad eam rem societas coitur,Cic. Rosc. Am. 7, 20: “ad coëundam societatem,id. Fam. 5, 19, 2; so Gell. 1, 9 fin.: “si unius rei societas coita sit,Dig. 17, 2, 65 init.; cf. ib. 17, 2, 65, §§ 2, 9, 10, 15.
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