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congrŭo , ŭi, 3 (
I.inf. pres. congruēre, Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 102), v. n. etym. dub.; cf. Corss. Beitr. 457, to run, come, or meet together with something.
II. Trop., to coincide or correspond with a person or thing, in substance, in feeling, or in time, to be suited or adapted to, to agree with, accord, suit, fit.
A. To be suited or fitted to, to agree with (in substance), to correspond; constr. with cum, inter se, the dat., or absol.
(γ). With dat.: “quibus (principiis) congruere debent quae sequuntur,Cic. Fin. 3, 6, 20; 2, 31, 99; Liv. 8, 6, 12; 42, 17, 1; Quint. 9, 3, 40; Plin. 21, 6, 17, § 33; Tac. A. 6, 22; 13, 1; Suet. Calig. 3: non omni causae nec auditori neque personae neque tempori congruere orationis unum genus, is suitable, fit, = convenire, Cic. de Or. 3, 55, 210; Quint. 4, 2, 89; Dig. 1, 16, 13.—Impers.: “Canidius timidius decessit quam professioni ejus congruebat,Vell. 2, 87, 3; Dig. 1, 18, 13.—
C. To come together, agree, meet, coincide (in time): “suos dies mensisque congruere volunt cum solis lunaeque ratione,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129: “tempus ad id ipsum congruere,Liv. 1, 5, 5; so with ad, id. 1, 19, 6: “cum temporum ratio vix congruat,Suet. Gram. 7: “forte congruerat, ut Clodii Macri et Fonteii Capitonis caedes nuntiarentur,it happened at the same time, Tac. H. 1, 7: “in idem artati temporis,Vell. 1, 16, 2; Suet. Caes. 40; Quint. 5, 5, 2.—Hence, congrŭens , entis, P. a. (acc. to II.).
A. Agreeing, fit, appropriate, suitable, consistent, congruous.
(β). With dat.: “congruens actio menti,Cic. de Or. 3, 59, 222; id. Fin. 5, 21, 58; 2, 31, 99; id. Fam. 9, 24, 1; Suet. Oth. 12.—Comp.: “quid congruentius Deo?Lact. 4, 26, 13.—
2. Congruens est or videtur, = convenit, it is (seems) fit, proper, meet (post-Aug. and rare); with acc. and inf.: “congruens erat, eandem immunitatem parentes obtinere,Plin. Pan. 38, 6: congruentius est, Cod. 8, 47, 4.—In sup.: “congruentissimum est, animam puniri,Tert. Anim. 58.—With inf.: “congruens videtur primordia ejus aperire,Tac. H. 5, 2; cf.: “congruens crediderim recensere,id. A. 4, 6. —With ut: “congruens est, ut, etc.,Gell. 17, 8, 13; Dig. 1, 16, 4, § 3.—
B. Agreeing in all its parts; symmetrical, proportioned; accordant, consistent, harmonious: is concentus ex dissimillumarum vocum moderatione concors tamen efficitur et congruens, Cic. Rep. 2, 42, 69: “Tiberius corpore fuit amplo et robusto ... ceteris quoque membris usque ad imos pedes aequalis et congruens,Suet. Tib. 68: “congruens clamor (opp. dissonus),Liv. 30, 34, 1; cf.: “congruentissimā voce acclamare,App. Mag. p. 320, 31.—Hence, congrŭenter , adv., agreeably, filly, suitably (twice in Cic., but very rare in the class. per.): “congruenter naturae convenienterque vivere,Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 26: “ut ad id quodcumque agetur apte congruenterque dicamus,id. de Or. 3, 10, 37: “respondere,Dig. 45, 1, 1 fin.Comp., Fronto Orat. 3 fin.; Min. Fel. Oct. 40 fin.Sup., Tert. Pudic. 8 fin.; Aug. Doctr. Christ. 1, 12 al.
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