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con-stĭtŭo , ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a. statuo,
I.to cause to stand, put or lay down, to set, put, place, fix, station, deposit a person or thing somewhere (esp. firmly or immovably), etc. (the act. corresponding to consistere; class.).
I. In gen.
II. Esp.,
A. Milit. t. t.
1. To station or post troops somewhere, to draw up, set in order: “legionem Caesar passibus CC. ab eo tumulo constituit,Caes. B. G. 1, 43: “legiones pro castris in acie,id. ib. 2, 8 fin.; “4, 35: aciem ordinesque intra silvas,id. ib. 2, 19: “octo cohortes in fronte,Sall. C. 59, 2: “quod reliquum peditum erat, obliquo constituerunt colle,Liv. 28, 33, 8 al.: “naves ad latus apertum hostium,Caes. B. G. 4, 25; cf.: “naves aperto ac plano litore,id. ib. 4, 23 fin.: “naves nisi in alto,id. ib. 4, 24: “subsidiarias (naves) in secundo ordine, Auct. B. Alex. 14, 3: classem apud Salamina exadversum Athenas,Nep. Them. 3, 4; cf. id. Alcib. 8, 1: “praesidia in Rutenis provincialibus,Caes. B. G. 7, 7.—Rarely of a single person: se constituere, to station or post one's self: dum se Gallus iterum eodem pacto constituere studet, Quadrig. ap. Gell. 9, 13, 17.—
B. With the access. idea of preparation, to set up, erect, establish, found, build, construct, prepare, make, create, constitute (class. and very freq.).
2. Trop., to bring about, effect, establish, appoint, etc., freq. of judicial determinations, etc.: videte, per deos immortalis, quod jus nobis, quam condicionem vobismet ipsis, quam denique civitati legem constituere velitis, to establish, Cic. Caecin. 14, 40: “jus melius Sullanis praediis quam paternis,id. Agr. 3, 3, 10: “judicium,id. Part. Or. 28, 99: “judicium de pecuniis repetundis,id. Div. in Caecil. 4, 11: “judicium capitis in se,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 54, § 141: “controversiam,id. de Or. 1, 31, 143: “quaestionem,Quint. 3, 11, 17; 4, 2, 10: “ratiocinationem,id. 5, 14, 12: “in hac accusatione comparandā constituendāque laborare,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 1, § 2; and of persons, to designate, appoint, select, put forward, etc.: “accusatorem,id. Div. in Caecil. 3, 10; Quint. 3, 10, 3 (cf.: “comparare accusatorem,Cic. Clu. 67, 191): “testis,Cic. Verr. 1, 18, 55: “tutores pupillis,Dig. 2, 1, 1 et saep.: “nuper apud C. Orchivium collegam meum locus ab judicibus Fausto Sullae de pecuniis residuis non est constitutus,no trial of him was permitted, Cic. Clu. 34, 94: “reum statim fecit, utique ei locus primus constitueretur impetravit,id. ib. 20, 56: “fidem,id. Part. Or. 9, 31; cf. id. Sen. 18, 62: “concordiam,id. Att. 8, 11, D, 1: “si utilitas amicitiam constituet, tollet eadem,id. Fin. 2, 24, 78: “amicitiam tecum,Q. Cic. Pet. Cons. 7, 27 (cf. id. ib. § “25: amicitiae permultae comparantur): libertatem,Cic. Fl. 11, 25: “victoriam,id. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: “pacem (opp. bellum gerere),id. ib. 8, 22: “quantum mali sibi ac liberis suis,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 25, § 65.—
C. With the access. idea of ordering, contriving, to establish, fix, appoint, settle, order, manage; to confirm, regulate, arrange, dispose.
2. Trop.: “ineuntis aetatis inscitia senum constituenda et regenda prudentiā est,Cic. Off. 1, 34, 122; cf.: “majores vestri majestatis constituendae gratiā bis Aventinum occupavere,Sall. J. 31, 17; Cic. Fam. 15, 4, 6: “jam perfectis constitutisque viribus,Quint. 10, 1, 57.— Pass. impers.: non tam sinistre constitutum est, ut non, etc., i. e. we are not so badly off as not, etc., Plin. Pan. 45, 5.—Of persons: “Athenaeum in maximā apud regem auctoritate gratiāque,Cic. Fam. 15, 4, 6: “aliquem sibi quaestoris in loco,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 30, § 77: “in potestate aliquem,Lact. Epit. 55, 6: “constituuntur in honoribus, cum magistratus creantur,Aug. Cont. adv. Leg. 1, 45 al.
D. With the access. idea of limiting, fixing, allotting, to fix, appoint something (for or to something), to settle, agree upon, define, determine.
b. T. t. of the lang. of business, to accord, agree with one in a thing, to appoint, fix, to concert, agree upon, assent to (cf. Gron. Obss. p. 14 sq.); constr. aliquid cum aliquo, alicui, inter se, or with acc. only, or absol.
E. With the access. idea of resolving, to determine to do something, to take a resolution, to resolve, decide, determine.
2. (Acc. to C.) Fixed, established: “cursus siderum,Quint. 1, 10, 46: “discrimina (opp. fortuita),id. 5, 10, 42: “jam confirmatae constitutaeque vocis,id. 11, 3, 29.—
B. Subst.: constĭtūtum , i, n.
1. (Acc. to B.) An institution, ordinance, law (mostly postclass.), Cod. Th. 1, 11, 5; 12, 41, 1.—
b. Trop.: “cum videas ordinem rerum et naturam per constituta procedere,according to established laws, Sen. Q. N. 3, 16, 2.—
2. (Acc. to D. 1. b.) An agreement, appointment, accommodation; a compact (in good prose): “ante rem quaeruntur, quae talia sunt, apparatus, conloquia, locus, constitutum, convivium,Cic. Top. 12, 52; so absol., id. Att. 11, 16, 2; id. Cael. 8, 20: “rescripsit constitutum se cum eo habere,id. Att. 12, 23, 3: “constitutum factum esse cum servis, ut venirent, etc.,id. Cael. 25, 61; and humorously: si quod constitutum cum podagra habes, fac ut in alium diem differas, id. Fam. 7, 4; so, “ad constitutum venire,Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 1; Cic. Caecin. 12, 33: “se proripu it,Suet. Oth. 6; “and without a verb,Cic. Att. 12, 1, 1; Flor. 2, 6, 16 (but in Vell. 2, 110, 1, the better read. is consili).
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