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-pugno , āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and
I.a.
I. To fight eagerly, fight out; to contend, combat violently.
A. Prop. (freq. and class.): “collatis signis,Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 44; cf. Liv. 34, 46: “acie instructā, * Caes, B. G. 7, 28: multi depugnant gemitusque edunt,Lucr. 4, 1015: “haud procul moenibus,Liv. 10, 37; cf. id. 34, 46; 40, 34: “adversus aliquem,Front. Strat. 2, 4, 6 et saep.: “Torquatus cum Gallo apud Anienem depugnavit,Cic. Fin. 2, 22, 73: “ad depugnandum,Nep. Them. 4, 4; “so of single combat,Cic. Tusc. 4, 22; id. Fin. 2, 22, 73; Suet. Caes. 39; “and as a t. t. of gladiatorial combats,id. ib. 2, 17 fin.; Asin. Pollio, ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 3; Quint. 8, 5, 12 Spald.; “in the latter sense also with an object: feram,Dig. 3, 1, 1, § 6; cf. “bestias,ib. 48, 8, 11.—Pass. impers.: “ante depugnabitur,Cic. Att. 16, 11, 6: so, “depugnarier,Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 36: “depugnatum est,Liv. 7, 26; 9, 39.—
B. Transf. out of the milit. sphere: “cum animo suo,Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 29: “cum fame,id. Stich. 4, 2, 47: “morti,Sil. 10, 475.—And in a figure borrowed from the lang. of gladiators: “unum par, quod depugnet, reliquum est voluptas cum honestate,Cic. Ac. 2, 46; cf.: “natura atque luxuria depugnant (flores),rival one another, Plin. 21, 8, 22, § 46: indocti stolidique et depugnare parati, * Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 184.—*
II. To fight to the end, stop fighting: depugnato proelio, "the day after the fair," Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 31.
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