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dif-fundo , fūdi, fūsum, 3,
I.v. a., to spread by pouring, to pour out, pour forth (very freq. and class.).
I. Lit.: “(glacies) liquefacta se diffunderet,Cic. N. D. 2, 10: “sanguis per venas in omne corpus diffunditur,id. ib. 2, 55, 138: “(unda) diffunditur Hellesponto,Cat. 64, 359; cf.: “tum freta diffundi jussit,to pour themselves forth, Ov. M. 1, 36: “vinum de doliis,to draw off, bottle off; to fill, Col. 12, 28, 3; so of racking off wine, id. 3, 2, 26; Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 4 Krüg. ad loc.; Ov. F. 5, 517; Juv. 5, 30; Plin. 14, 14, 16, § 94 et saep.—
B. Transf., of objects not liquid, to spread, scatter, diffuse: “nitet diffuso lumine caelum,Lucr. 1, 9; 3, 22; cf.: “luce diffusa toto caelo,Cic. N. D. 2, 37 fin.; 2, 10, 26: ab ejus summo rami late diffunduntur, * Caes. B. G. 6, 26 fin.; cf. under P. a.: “dederatque comam diffundere ventis,Verg. A. 1, 319; so, “comam,Ov. F. 3, 538; cf. “capillos,id. H. 10, 47: “signa (i. e. astra) caelo,Hor. S. 1, 5, 10: “equitem latis campis,Verg. A. 11, 465.—Mid.: “modo via coartatur, modo latissimis pratis diffunditur et patescit,opens, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 3 et saep.: “cibus in totas usque ab radicibus imis, per truncos ac per ramos, diffunditur,Lucr. 1, 354; cf.: “partem vocum per aures,id. 4, 571: “vim mali Herculeos per artus,Ov. M. 9, 162: “medicamentum se diffudit in venas,Curt. 3, 6, 16: “aethera late in omnes partes,Lucr. 5, 470: “flammam in omne latus,Ov. M. 9, 239; 10, 24 et saep.
II. Trop., to spread, diffuse, scatter: “di vim suam longe lateque diffundunt,Cic. Div. 1, 36, 79; cf. in the part. perf.: “error longe lateque diffusus,id. Fin. 2, 34, 115; so, “late longeque,id. Leg. 1, 12, 34: “laus alicujus late longeque diffusa,id. Balb. 5, 13: “late et varie diffusus,id. Sest. 45, 97: “flendo diffundimus iram,we moderate, temper, Ov. H. 8, 61: “dolorem suum flendo,to give vent to, id. M. 9, 143: “tantam oblivionem sensibus,Hor. Epod. 14, 1 et saep.—Mid.: “Claudia nunc a quo diffunditur et tribus et gens Per Latium,spreads itself out, branches out, Verg. A. 7, 703: “diffunditur mare iterumque contrahitur,Mart. Cap. 6, § 606: “crede animam quoque diffundi multoque perire Ocius, et citius dissolvi in corpora,Lucr. 3, 437: “affectus per totam actionem,Quint. 7, 10, 12: “bella et paces longum in aevum,Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 8: “haec in ora virum,Verg. A. 4, 195: “animam in arma cruore,id. ib. 10, 908: “crimen paucarum in omnes,Ov. A. A. 3, 9: “prope in immensum oratio mea,Plin. Pan. 56, 2 et saep.: “inde doctrina se diffudit per ceteras Graeciae partes,August. Serm. 150, 2.—
B. In partic. (like dissolvere, solvere, remittere, etc., and opp. contrahere, adducere, etc.), with the accessory idea of non-restraint, freedom, qs, to let the heart, countenance, etc., flow freely, without constraint, i. e. to cheer up, gladden, exhilarate: diffundet animos omnibus ista dies, Ov. A. A. 1, 218; so, “animos,id. M. 4, 766: “vultum,id. Pont. 4, 4, 9; id. M. 14, 272; Sen. Ep. 106.—
2. Of the persons themselves: ut ex bonis amici quas diffundantur et incommodis contrahantur. Cic. Lael. 13 fin.: “Jovem memorant, diffusum nectare, curas Seposuisse graves,Ov. M. 3, 318, imitated by Stat. S. 4, 2, 54; cf.: “diffusus in risum,Petr. 10, 3; id. 71, 1 al.— Hence, diffūsus , a, um, P. a., spread abroad, spread out, extended, wide (a favorite expression of the post-Aug. prosaists).
B. Trop.: “jus civile, quod nunc diffusum et dissipatum est, in certa genera coacturum,diffuse, prolix, Cic. de Or. 2, 33, 142; cf. Col. 11, 1, 10: “opus diffusum,Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 6; “and transf. to the writers: Diophanes totum Dionysium, per multa diffusum volumina, sex epitomis circumscripsit,id. 1, 1, 10: “amplius ac diffusius meritum,Plin. Pan. 53, 3.—Adv.: diffūsē , in a scattered manner; copiously: “res disperse et diffuse dictae unum in locum coguntur,Cic. Inv. 1, 52, 98; cf.: “haec latius aliquando dicenda sunt et diffusius,more amply, more in full, id. Tusc. 3, 10, 22.—Sup. of the adj. and adv. do not occur.
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