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-lŭo , ŭi, ūtum, 3,
I.v. a., to wash to pieces, wash away; to dissolve, dilute, cause to melt away; to wash, drench (freq. and class.).
I. Lit.
A. Ingen.: ne aqua lateres diluere posset, * Caes. B. C. 2, 10, 6: “sata laeta boumque labores,Verg. G. 1, 326; cf.: sanguine diluitur tellus, is soaked, Furius Antias ap. Gell. 18, 11, 4: “unguenta lacrimis,Ov. P. 1, 9, 53: “alvum helleboro,Gell. 17, 15, 4: “vulnus cruris aceto,Petr. 136, 7; cf.: “ulcus ovi albore,Scrib. Comp. 24: “colorem,” i. e. to wash out, weaken, Plin. 31, 7, 42, § 91; Ov. P. 4, 10, 62: “amnes diluuntur,Plin. 31, 4, 29, § 52.—
B. In partic., to dissolve any thing in a liquid, i. e. to temper, dilute, mix: “absinthia,Lucr. 4, 224; 6, 930; cf. “venenum,Liv. 40, 4 fin.: “helleborum,Pers. 5, 100: “vinum,” i. e. to dilute with water, Mart. 1, 107; v. under P. a.: “favos lacte et miti Baccho (i. e. vino),Verg. G. 1, 344; cf.: “Hymettia mella Falerno,Hor. S. 2, 2, 16: “insignem bacam aceto,id. ib. 2, 3, 241: “medicamentum aceto,Cels. 5, 20; Scrib. Comp. 158; 261 al.: “circaeam in vino,Plin. 27, 8, 38, § 60: “rutam cum mero,Col. 6, 4, 2: “medicamentum ex aqua,Scrib. Comp. 247 et saep.
II. Trop.
A. To weaken, lessen, impair; to do away with, remove: “adversariorum confirmatio diluitur aut infirmatur aut elevatur,Cic. Inv. 1, 42: “res leves infirmare ac diluere (opp. confirmare),id. Rosc. Am. 15; Quint. 9, 2, 80: “molestias omnes (c. c. extenuare),Cic. Tusc. 3, 16; cf.: “curam multo mero,Ov. A. A. 238: “seriorem horam mero,id. H. 19, 14: “vitium ex animo (Bacchus),Prop. 3, 17, 6 (4, 16, 6 M.): “crimen,Cic. Mil. 27; id. Brut. 80, 278; Liv. 4, 14; Quint. 7, 10, 12 (opp. obicere); 9, 2, 53 (c. c. negare) et saep.; cf. also Cic. Cael. 15; Liv. 45, 10; Quint. 4, 2, 26; Ov. R. Am. 695 et saep.: “invidiam aliqua cavillatione,Suet. Vesp. 23: “injurias aere pauco,to atone for, Gell. 20, 1, 31: “omnes affectuum vires, Quint, 11, 1, 52: ejus auctoritatem,Sen. Ep. 29: “memoriam tam praeclarae rei,Val. Max. 9, 2, 1.—*
B. Analog. with its synon. dissolvere, to solve a difficulty, i. e. to explain: “mi, quod rogavi, dilue,Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 64.—Hence,
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