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dōnĕc ,
I.conj. [shortened from ante- and post-class. form dōnĭcum , from old dative doni (dioni; for root, etc., v. dies) and conj. cum; prop. at the time of day when; form donicum, Liv. And., Cato and Plaut. ap. Charis. p. 178 P.; Cato, R. R. 146, 2; 149, 2; 161, 3; Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 19; id. Capt. 2, 2, 89; id. Most. 1. 2, 34; id. Ps. 4, 7, 72; id. Truc. 1, 1, 18; Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 692 P.; Nep. Ham. 1, 4.—In the Inscr. of Orell. 4370 DONIQVIES is i. q. DONIQUE IS, and donique = donicum; so, “donique,Lucr. 2, 1116; 5, 708 Lachm.].—Donec denotes the relation of two actions in time,
I. As contemporaneous, as long as, while, during the time in which; or,
II. As in immediate succession, until, up to the time at which (synonymous with dum, I. B. and II.—in the ante-class. and postAug. periods freq.; four times in Cic. only in signif. II. with indic.; not in Caes.).
I. As long as, while (so perh. not till the Aug. period).
II. Until, till at length (so in all periods).
(α). With indic. (cf. Zumpt, Gr. § “575): ne quoquam exurgatis, donec a me erit signum datum,Plaut. Bacch, 4, 4, 106: “haud desinam, donec perfecero hoc,Ter. Ph. 2, 3, 73; cf. ib. 4, 1, 24: “neque tamen finis . . . fiebat, donec populus senatum coëgit, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 40, § 87; id. Tull. 6, 14: “hic regnabitur ... donec regina sacerdos geminam partu dabit Ilia prolem,Verg. A. 1, 273; id. G. 4, 413 et saep.: “neque credebam Donec Sosia fecit sibi uti crederem,Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 51.—So with perf., Lucr. 2, 1130; Liv. praef. 3, 48; 23, 31; Prop. 1, 9, 29; Verg. E. 6, 85; id. A. 2, 630; Hor. S. 1, 3, 103; id. Ep. 1, 10, 35 et saep.: “me attrectare nefas, donec me flumine vivo abluero,Verg. A. 2, 720: “socii consurgere tonsis ... Donec rostra tenent siccum, etc.,id. ib. 10, 301; cf. id. ib. 268; Val. Fl. 8, 290; Liv. 1, 54 fin.
(γ). Ellipt. without a verb: “neque quisquam hominem conspicatu'st donec in navi super,Plaut. Merc. 1, 2, 82; cf. in foll. b.
(γ). .—
b. With usque, usque adeo, usque eo, eo usque, in tantum.
(γ). Ellipt. without a verb usque illud visumst Pamphilo ne utiquam grave, Donec jam in ipsis nuptiis, Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 51; cf. above, a.
(γ). .—
B. With negatives, donec often limits the time within which something is done or to be done, without implying that it is done or to be done after the limit; Engl., till, before, within a certain time: “moveri vetuisse puerum, donec experrectus sit,Liv. 1, 39, 2; Hor. C. 3, 5, 45: “si respexis, donicum ego te jussero, te dedam, etc.,Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 19; id. Most. 1, 2, 35; Tac. A. 2, 82. Cf. Hand, Turs. II. 291-299.
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