previous next
ex-sŭpĕro (exup- ), āvi, ātum (
I.gen. plur. part. sync. exsuperantum, Varr. L. L. 7, § 18 Müll.), 1, v. n. and a. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
I. Neutr., to mount up, appear above (very rare).
A. Lit.: exsuperant flammae; “furit aestus ad auras,Verg. A. 2, 759.—
B. Trop., to get the upper hand, to overcome, prevail, excel: “sol et vapor omnis,Lucr. 5, 385: “arma capessant, Et si non poterunt exsuperare, cadant,Ov. F. 6, 372: “praesens dolor,Lucr. 6, 1277: “quantum ipse feroci Virtute exsuperas,Verg. A. 12, 20: “Hannibal exsuperans astu,Sil. 1, 57.—
II. Act., to project or tower above any thing, to surmount, rise above, exceed.
B. Trop.
1. To surpass, exceed: quis homo te exsuperavit usquam gentium impudentiā? Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 4, 36, 77: “omnes Tarquinios superbiā,Liv. 3, 11, 13: “genus morum nobilitate,Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 2: “aliquid latitudine,Plin. 2, 11, 8, § 50: “laudes alicujus,Liv. 28, 43, 7: “cuncta exsuperans patrimonia census,Juv. 10, 13: “tu vero, pater, vive et me quoque exsupera,survive, outlive, Val. Max. 5, 9 fin.: “aestatem,to outlast, Plin. 14, 2, 4, § 33.—
2. To be too much for, to overpower, overcome: id summum exsuperat Jovem, Poët. in Cic. Div. 2, 10, 25: “materia vires exsuperante meas,Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 56: “caecum consilium,Verg. A. 7, 591: “multitudo Gallorum, sensum omnem talis damni exsuperans,Liv. 7, 24, 2.—Hence, exsŭpĕrans (exup- ), antis, P. a. (acc. to I. B.), surpassing, excellent, supreme (post-class.): “mulier exsuperanti forma,Gell. 6, 8, 3.—Comp.: uter esset exsuperantior, certabatur, Gell. 14, 3, 11.—Sup., App. Dogm. Plat. 1, p. 8.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: