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fīgo , xi, xum, 3 (archaic
I.part. perf. ficta, Lucr. 3, 4; Varr. R. R. 3, 7, 4), v. a. Gr. σφίγγ-ω, to bind fast; σφιγμός, φῖμός, muzzle; cf. fīlum, for figlum. Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 186; Germ. dick. dicht; Engl. thick. etc., Corss. Krit. Nachtr. p. 233, to fix, fasten, drive or thrust in, attach, affix (class.; cf.: pango, configo, defigo).
I. Lit., constr. aliquid, aliquid in with abl. (poet. also in with acc., or aliquid with abl. only): “imbrices medias clavulis,Cato, R. R. 21, 3: “palum in parietem,Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 4: “mucrones in cive an in hoste,Cic. Phil. 14, 3, 6: “tabulam decreti Caesaris aut beneficii,to post up, id. ib. 1, 1, 3; cf. id. ib. 12, 5 fin.: “Antonius accepta grandi pecunia fixit legem a dictatore comitiis latam,” i. e. posted it up as having been carried, id. Att. 14, 12, 1; cf.: “adsentiri, ne qua tabula ullius decreti Caesaris figeretur,id. Phil. 1, 1, 3: “fixit leges pretio atque refixit,Verg. A. 6, 622: “quique aera legum vetustate delapsa, noscerent figerentque,Tac. H. 4, 40: “nec verba minacia aere fixo legebantur,Ov. M. 1, 91: “quam damnatis crucem servis fixeras,hadst fixed in the ground, erected, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 6, § 12: “feraces plantas humo,to plant, set, Verg. G. 4, 115: “clavos verticibus,Hor. C. 3, 24, 5: “cuneos,Plin. 17, 14, 24, § 109 (dub.): “veribus trementia (frusta),to fix on spits, Verg. A. 1, 212: “spicula pectore,Prop. 2, 13, 2 (3, 4, 2 M.); “for which: harundo in vertice fixa,Hor. S. 1, 8, 7: “cristas vertice,Verg. A. 10, 701: “fumantes taedas sub pectore,id. ib. 7, 457: “notas in collo dente,to impress, Tib. 1, 8, 38: “virus in venas per vulnera,injects, Cic. Arat. 432: vestigia, plants his steps, i. e. moves on, Verg. A. 6, 159: “arma quae fixa in parietibus fuerant,fastened up, hung up, Cic. Div. 1, 34, 74; cf.: “scuta sublime fixa,id. ib. 2, 31, 67: “arma ad postem Herculis,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 5: “arma thalamo,Verg. A. 4, 495: “arma Troïa hic,id. ib. 1, 248: “clipeum postibus,id. ib. 3, 287: “dona Laurenti Divo,id. ib. 12, 768: ID AES AD STATVAM LORICATAM DIVI IVLII, S. C. ap. Plin. Ep. 8, 6, 13: “qui spolia ex hoste fixa domi haberent,Liv. 23, 23, 6; 38, 43, 11: “navalem coronam fastigio Palatinae domus,Suet. Claud. 17: “luteum opus celsā sub trabe (hirundo),Ov. F. 1, 158: ipse summis saxis fixus asperis, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 107, and id. Pis. 19, 43 (Trag. v. 413 ed. Vahl.): “aliquem cruci,nail, Quint. 7, 1, 30; Suet. Dom. 10: “corpus lacerum in crucem (al. cruce),Just. 21, 4 fin.: “figit in virgine vultus,fixes, Verg. A. 12, 70: “oculos solo,id. ib. 1, 482: “oculos in terram,Sen. Ep. 11: in poet. transf.: “oculos horrenda in virgine fixus,Verg. A. 11, 507 (cf.: “defixus lumina vultu,id. ib. 6, 156; Tac. A. 3, 1): “Caesar in silentium fixus,Tac. A. 6, 50 (56): “obstipo capite et figentes lumine terram,Pers. 3, 80: “foribus miser oscula figit,kisses, Lucr. 4, 1179: “oscula dulcia,Verg. A. 1, 687: “sedem Cumis,to fix his abode, Juv. 3, 2: “domos,Tac. A. 13, 54.—
B. Transf., to fix by piercing through, to transfix, pierce (cf. configo, II.): “hunc intorto figit telo,Verg. A. 10, 382: “hunc jaculo acuto,Ov. M. 10, 131: hostes telis, Auct. B. Alex. 30 fin.: “fixisse puellas gestit (Cupido),Tib. 2, 1, 71: “cervos,Verg. E. 2, 29: “dammas,id. G. 1, 308; id. A. 5, 515; Sil. 1, 305: “cutem (clavi),Sen. Prov. 3: “olli per galeam fixo stetit hasta cerebro,Verg. A. 12, 537: “aprum,Juv. 1, 23: “figar a sagitta,Ov. H. 16, 278: “vulnus,to inflict, Mart. 1, 61, 4.
II. Trop.
A. To fix, fasten, direct.
1. With in and abl.: ego omnia mea studia, omnem operam, curam, industriam, cogitationem, mentem denique omnem in Milonis consulatu fixi et locavi, Cic. Fam. 2, 6, 3.—
2. With in and acc. (rare): “fixus in silentium,Tac. A. 6, 50.—
B. (Acc. to I. B.) Of speech, to sting; taunt, rally a person: “aliquem maledictis,Cic. N. D. 1, 34, 93: “adversarios,id. Or. 26, 89.—Hence, fixus , a, um, P. a., fixed, fast, immovable.
A. Lit. (very rare): “illud maneat et fixum sit,Cic. Rab. Post. 9, 25: “inque tuis nunc Fixa pedum pono pressis vestigia signis,” i. e. firmly fixed in, Lucr. 3, 4; cf. “in the foll.: astra,the fixed stars, Manil. 2, 35; so, “flammae,Ov. Tr. 4, 3, 15.— Far more freq.,
B. Trop.: “vestigia (integritatis) non pressa leviter, sed fixa ad memoriam illius provinciae sempiternam,Cic. Sest. 5, 13: “non ita fixum, ut convelli non liceret,id. Clu. 45, 126: fixum et statutum, id. Mur., 30, 62; cf.: “consilium fixum,id. Att. 6, 14, 2: “animo fixum immotumque sedere, ne, etc.,Verg. A, 4, 15: fixum est, with a subj.-clause, it is fixed, determined, Sil. 2, 364; 3, 114: “decretum stabile, fixum, ratum,Cic. Ac. 2, 9, 27; cf.: “ratum, fixum, firmum,permanent, id. ib. 2, 46, 141: “illud fixum in animis vestris tenetote,fixed, impressed, id. Balb. 28, 64: quae perpetuo animo meo fixa manebunt, Lepid. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 34, 3.— Adv.: fixe , fixedly (late Lat.): “ubi tenacius habitabit et fixius,Aug. Ep. 6 fin.
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