previous next
fĭgūra , ae, f. v. fingo,
I.a form, shape, figure (syn.: forma, species; tropus).
I. Lit.
2. Concr., a sketch, figure, drawing (lat. Lat.): figurae quae σχηματα vocant, Gell. 1, 20, 1; 2, 21, 10: κύβος est figura ex omni latere quadrata, id. 1, 20, 4.—
B. In partic.
1. In the lang. of the Epicurean philosophy applied to the atoms or molecular parts of bodies: “caelestem fulminis ignem Subtilem magis e parvis constare figuris,Lucr. 2, 385; 2, 682 sq.; 778; 3, 190 al.; cf.: “illas figuras Epicuri, quas e summis corporibus dicit effluere,Quint. 10, 2, 15 Spald.—
2. Poet., a form, shade, phantom of the dead: “in somnis, cum saepe figuras Contuimur miras simulacraque luce carentum,Lucr. 4, 34: “morte obita quales fama est volitare figuras,Verg. A. 10, 641: “CVM VITA FVNCTVS IVNGAR TIS (i. e. tuis) VMBRA FIGVRIS,Inscr. Orell. 4847.—
II. Trop., quality, kind, form, species, nature, manner.
B. In partic.
1. Gram. t. t., form of a word, inflection: “alia nomina, quod quinque habent figuras, habere quinque casus,Varr. L. L. 9, § 52; cf.: “non debuisse ex singulis vocibus ternas vocabulorum figuras fieri, ut albus, alba, album,id. ib. 9, § “55: quaedam (verba) tertiae demum personae figura dicuntur, ut licet, piget,Quint. 1, 4, 29; 8, 2, 15 Spald.—
2. Rhet. t. t., a figure of speech, σχῆμα, Cic. de Or. 3, 53 sq.; id. Or. 39 sq.; Quint. 9, 1 sq. et saep.—
b. Esp., one which contains hints or allusions, Suet. Vesp. 13; id. Dom. 10; cf. Quint. 9, 2, 82.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: