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firmo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. firmus,
I.to make firm or fast, to strengthen, fortify, support (freq. and class.).
II. Trop.
B. In partic.
1. To strengthen in resolution, to encourage, animate: “cujus adventus Pompeianos compressit nostrosque firmavit, ut, etc.,Caes. B. C. 3, 65, 2: “donec firmaret consilio patres auctor,Hor. C. 3, 5, 46: suos, Just. 2, 11: “plebem hinc provocatione, hinc tribunicio auxilio,Liv. 3, 55: “cunctos alloquio et cura sibique et proelio,Tac. A. 1, 71: “animum exemplis,id. ib. 16, 35: “animum praesenti pignore,Verg. A. 3, 611: “firmatus animi,Sall. Hist. Fragm. 3, 24, p. 236 ed. Gerl. (ap. Arus. Mess. p. 232 ed. Lindem.).—
2. In fidelity, to make sure of, secure: “civitates obsidibus,Hirt. B. G. 8, 27.—
3. to confirm, show, prove; to affirm, assert, declare, promise the correctness or truth of a circumstance, statement, etc. (less freq. than confirmo, affirmo): “cum intelligat, quam multa firmentur jure jurando,Cic. Leg. 2, 7, 16: “si vis et natura fati ex divinationis ratione firmabitur,id. Fat. 5, 11: “firmatam dare fidem,Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 45; so, “fidem,Ter. And. 3, 1, 4; id. Hec. 4, 2, 5: “vix quidquam firmare ausim,Tac. A. 1, 81; 6, 6; id. H. 2, 9: “hoc genus in rebus firmandum est multa prius quam Ipsius rei rationem reddere possis,to prove, Lucr. 6, 917: “da augurium, atque haec omina firma,Verg. A. 2, 691; so, “numina,id. ib. 8, 78.—
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