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fulcĭo , fulsi, fultum, 4 (late form
I.perf. FVLCIVIT, Inscr. ap. Mur. 466, 3.—Part. perf.: “fulcītus,Cael. Aur. Tard. 2, 1, 46), v. a. etym. dub.; cf.: falx, flccto; Corss. refers it to root dhar-; v. firmus, Ausspr. 1, 476, to prop up, to keep upright by props, to stay, support (class.; syn.: sustento, sustineo, munio).
I. Lit.: “qui fulcire putatur porticum Stoicorum,Cic. Ac. 2, 24, 75: “aliquid trabibus,Plin. 36, 13, 19, § 89: “Atlas, caelum qui vertice fulcit,Verg. A. 4, 247: “vitis nisi fulta est, fertur ad terram,Cic. de Sen. 15, 52: “ruentes ceras,Plin. 11, 10, 10, § 23: “illum Balbutit Scaurum pravis fultum male talis,supported, Hor. S. 1, 3, 48; cf. id. ib. 1, 2, 88: “quod non Taenariis domus est mihi fulta columnis,Prop. 3 (4), 1, 49.longis Numidarum fulta columnis cenatio,Juv. 7, 182; 3, 193: “si mutuatus pecuniam aedificia ruentia fulserit,Gai. Inst. 4, 73: “me prior fultusque toro meliore,Juv. 3, 82: et pulvino fultus, supported by, resting on the pillow, Lucil. ap. Serv. Verg. E. 6, 53: “ille (juvencus) latus niveum molli fultus byacintho,Verg. E. 6, 53; cf. effultus; so absol.: “colloco, fulcio,Plaut. Cas. 5, 2, 10: “caput nivei fultum Pallantis,propped up, bolstered, Verg. A. 11, 39.— Impers.: “sat sic fultumst mihi,Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 37.—Poet.: “tu (potes) pedibus teneris positas fulcire pruinas?” i. e. to tread the fallen snow, Prop. 1, 8, 7: “stant fulti pulvere crines,supported, stiffened, Stat. Th. 3, 326.—
B. Transf., to make strong or fast, to fasten, secure, support, strengthen (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “fultosque emuniit obice postes,fastened, guarded, Verg. A. 8, 227; cf.: “appositā janua fulta serā,Ov. A. A. 2, 244: “et dura janua fulta sera,Tib. 1, 2, 6: “omnia debet cibus integrare novando Et fulcire cibus, cibus omnia sustentare,to support, strengthen, Lucr. 2, 1147: “stomachum cibo,Sen. Ep. 68 med.: “venas cadentes vino,id. ib. 95; cf. Col. 6, 24, 4.—
II. Trop.
B. Poet., to besiege, oppress: “(Pacuvii) Antiopa aerumnis cor luctificabile fulta,Pers. 1, 78 (perh. a word of Pacuv.).
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