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grex , grĕgis, m. (
I.fem., Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 72 P.; Lucr. 2, 662; Inscr. ap. Maff. Mus. Veron. 127, 4) [Sanscr. root jar-, come together; Gr. ἀγείρω, ἀγορά], a flock, herd, drove, swarm (cf.: armentum, jumentum, pecus).
I. Lit., of animals: “pecudes dispulsae sui generis sequuntur greges,Cic. Att. 7, 7, 7; cf.: “greges armentorum reliquique pecoris,id. Phil. 3, 12, 31: “nobilissimarum equarum,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 7, § 20: “asinorum,Varr. R. R. 2, 6, 2: “lanigeri,Verg. G. 3, 287: “vir gregis ipse caper,id. E. 7, 7; cf.: “dux gregis,” i. e. a bull, Ov. A. A. 1, 326: “elephantorum,Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 5: “porcorum,Juv. 2, 80: “pavonum,Varr. R. R. 3, 6, 2: “anserum,id. ib. 3, 10, 1: “anatum,id. ib. 3, 11, 1: “avium,Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 19.—Opp. to armenta, of small cattle: “non ego sum pastor, non hic armenta gregesve,Ov. M. 1, 513; 4, 635; Tib. 1, 5, 28.—Prov.: “grex totus in agris Unius scabie cadit,Juv. 2, 79. —
II. Transf.
A. Of a number of persons, in a good or bad sense, a company, society, troop, band, crowd.
2. In partic., of players or charioteers, a company, troop, band: si voltis adplaudere hunc gregem et fabulam, Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 33; id. Cas. prol. 22; Ter. Heaut. prol. 45; id. Phorm. prol. 32; Petr. 80; Inscr. Grut. 1024, 5; Inscr. ap. Marin. Frat. Arv. p. 257.—
B. Of things (very rare): “virgarum,a bundle of rods, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 99.
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