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gentīlĭtas , ātis, f. gentilis,
I.the relationship of those who belong to the same gens.
I. Lit.: “gentilitatum, agnationum, etc. ... jura,Cic. de Or. 1, 38, 173; cf.: “de toto stirpis ac gentilitatis jure dicere,id. ib. 1, 39, 176; Plin. Pan. 37, 2.—
II. Transf.
A. Concr., relatives bearing the same name, kindred: omnes Tarquinios eicerent, ne quam reditionis per gentilitatem spem haberent, Varr. ap. Non. 222, 17: “gentilitas ejus Manlii cognomen ejuravit,Aur. Vict. Vir. Ill. 24; Inscr. Orell. 156; 1663.—In plur.: “sparsas atque ut ita dicam laceras gentilitates colligere,Plin. Pan. 39, 3.—
B. Of plants, bearing the same name, Plin. 23, 7, 65, § 131; 12, 13, 30, § 51.—
C. In eccl. Lat., heathenism, paganism: gentilitas (opp. Dei religio), Lact. 2, 13 fin.; Vulg. Judith, 14, 6.—
2. Concr., the heathen, pagans, Prud. στεφ. 10, 1086; Tert. Verg. Vel. 2; Hier. ad Ephes. 5 fin.
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