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hărundo (better than ărundo , Bramb. s. v.; Wagn. Orthog. Verg. p. 441; Rib. Prol. Verg. p. 422, though the latter is freq. in MSS. and edd.;
I.v. infra), ĭnis, f. etym. dub.; perh. from root ar-, to set in motion; Sanscr. aras, swift; aranjas, a wood, as that which grows; cf.: ulmus, ulva, alnus, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 530 sq..
II. Meton. of any thing made of reed or cane.
A. A fishing-rod: “hisce hami atque haec harundines sunt nobis quaestu,Plaut. Rud. 2, 1, 5: “haec laqueo volucres, hacc captat arundine pisces,Tib. 2, 6, 23 Müll.: “hos aliquis tremula, dum captat arundine pisces, vidit,Ov. M. 8, 217 Merk.; 13, 293; 14, 651.—
D. The shaft of an arrow: “quod fugat obtusum est, et habet sub arundine plumbum,Ov. M. 1, 471: “pennaque citatior ibat quae redit in pugnas fugientis arundine Parthi,Sil. 10, 12; Cels. 7, 5, 2.—Hence (pars pro toto), an arrow: “inque cor hamata percussit arundine Ditem,Ov. M. 5, 384; 8, 382; 10, 526; “11, 325: haeret lateri letalis harundo,Verg. A. 4, 73 Rib. (Forbig. and Conington, arundo); id. ib. 7, 499.—
E. A pen: “neve notet lusus tristis harundo tuos,Mart. 1, 3, 10: “inque manus chartae, nodosaque venit harundo,Pers. 3, 11. The best came from Cnidus: “Cnidia,Aus. Ep. 7, 49; and: “Acidalia,Mart. 9, 14, 3.—
F. A reed pipe, shepherd's pipe, Pan-pipes, = σύριγξ (an instrument made of several reeds, fastened together with wax, each successive reed somewhat shorter than the preceding): “junctisque canendo vincere arundinibus servantia lumina temptat,Ov. M. 1, 684; cf. id. ib. 1, 707 sq.; “11, 154: agrestem tenui meditabor harundine Musam,Verg. E. 6, 8; cf.: “compacta solitum modulatur harundine carmen,id. Cul. 100: “nec crepuit fissa me propter harundine custos,Prop. 4 (5), 7, 25.
H. A comb made of reed, which brought the threads of the web into their place: “stamen secernit arundo,Ov. M. 6, 55.—
K. A reed for brushing down cobwebs: “ecferte huc scopas semulque harundinem,Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 23.—
L. A kind of transverse bar along which vines were trained: “jugorum genera fere quatuor, ... harundo, ut in Arpino,Varr. R. R. 1, 8, 2.—
M. A rod (for beating, punishing): “ac me iterum in cellam perduxit, et harundinem ab ostio rapuit iterumque mulcavit,Petr. 134.—
N. Splints for holding together injured parts of the body, Suet. Aug. 80.—
O. A measuring-rod, Prud. Psych. 826.—
P. A hobbyhorse, cane-horse, as a child's plaything: “equitare in harundine longa,Hor. S. 2, 3, 248; cf.: “non erubuit (Socrates) cum, interposita arundine cruribus suis, cum parvulis filiolis ludens, ab Alcibiade risus est,Val. Max. 8, 8 ext. 1.
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