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imprŏbus (inpr- ), a, um, adj. 2. inprobus,
I.not according to the standard.
I. Lit.
A. Below the standard, i. e. of bad quality, bad, poor, inferior (rare; “mostly post-Aug.): merces,Plaut. Rud. 2, 3, 43: “opera araneorum et textura inproba,id. Stich. 2, 2, 24: “panis,Mart. 10, 5, 5: “improbiores postes,Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 139: “tua sum opera et propter te inprobior,id. Bacch. 5, 2, 84.—
B. Above or beyond the standard, i. e. enormous, monstrous, excessive: “genua,Col. 6, 1, 3: “arva,Val. Fl. 1, 510; 2, 631 (cf. Forbig. ad Verg. G. 1, 119; Orell. ad Hor. C. 3, 9, 22): “Chilones a labris improbioribus,Charis. p. 78 P.: “mons,Verg. A. 12, 687: “tegmina plantae,Val. Fl. 6, 702: “improbo somno, quem nec tertia saepe rumpit hora,Mart. 12, 18, 13: “villus barbarum in capris,Plin. 12, 17, 37, § 73: “reptatus (vitium),id. 14, 1, 3, § 13; Stat. Th. 6, 838: “imber improbior,Sen. Q. N. 4, 4 fin. (in Sall. ap. Non. 366, 13; Hist. Fragm. 4, 40 Dietsch, the true read. is in prora).—
II. Transf., of mind and character.
B. Morally bad; wicked, reprobate, abandoned, vile, base, impious, ungodly, unjust, dishonest; bold, shameless, impudent; violent, fierce, outrageous (syn.: malus, malignus, pravus, depravatus, nequam).
1. Of living beings: NI TESTIMONIVM FARIATVR IMPROBVS INTESTABILISQVE ESTO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 15, 13 fin.: “qui improbi essent et scelesti,Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 137: “nequam et improbus,Cic. Deiot. 7, 21: “illud vero improbi esse hominis et perfidiosi,id. de Or. 2, 73, 297: Cresphontes, Enn. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 24, 38 (Trag. v. 156 Vahl.): “populum aut inflammare in improbos aut incitatum in bonos mitigare,Cic. de Or. 1, 46, 202: “longe post natos homines improbisssimus,id. Brut. 62, 224: “cum in me tam improbus fuit,id. Att. 9, 15, 5: “ab ingenio est improbus,Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 59: “ut alias res est impense improbus,id. Ep. 4, 1, 39: “negat improbus et te Neglegit, aut horret,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 63: “anus,id. S. 2, 5, 84: “cum eum, qui sit improbus, latronem dicimus,Quint. 8, 4, 1; 1, 8, 21: “(anguis) piscibus atram inprobus ingluviem explet,voracious, Verg. G. 3, 431: “lupus,id. A. 9, 62: “Jovis ales,id. ib. 12, 250: “annis,by his youth, Juv. 3, 282: “Fortuna arridens infantibus,mischievous, id. 6, 605. — Comp.: “inprobior satiram scribente cinaedo,Juv. 4, 106. — *
(β). With gen.: conubii, Stat. Th. 7, 300. —
2. Of inanim. and abstr. things: “improbo Iracundior Hadria,Hor. C. 3, 9, 22: “lavit improba taeter Ora (leonis) cruor,Verg. A. 10, 727: “perfricare faciem et quasi improbam facere,shameless, impudent, Quint. 11, 3, 160; cf.: “oris improbi homo,Suet. Gramm. 15: “divitiae,Hor. C. 3, 24, 62: “improba non fuerit si mea charta, dato,Mart. 8, 24, 2: “satureia,exciting lust, id. 3, 75, 4: “ingenio improbo,Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 16: “facta,id. Truc. 2, 7, 4: “dicta,licentious, Ov. F. 5, 686: “verba,id. A. A. 3, 796; cf. “carmina,id. Tr. 2, 441: “legis improbissimae poena,Cic. Fam. 14, 4, 2: “testamentum,illegal, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 42, § 107: “mala et improba defensio,id. ib. 2, 2, 41, § “101: amor,Verg. A. 4, 412; Hor. S. 1, 3, 24 (cf.: “improbus, turpis, Schol. Cruq. ad loc.): spes,Quint. 12, 1, 13: “improba ventris rabies,Verg. A. 2, 356: “quo apertior adulatio, quo improbior, hoc citius expugnat,Sen. Q. N. 4 praef. med.: “improba quamvis gratia fallaci praetoris vicerit urna,Juv. 13, 3.—Adv., in two forms, imprŏbē (class. ) and improbĭter (perh. only once in Petr. 66).
1. Beyond measure, immoderately, enormously (very rare): “ad eos, quibus intestinum improbe prominet,Marc. Emp. 31 med.: “de quodam procerae staturae improbiusque nato,” i. e. uncommonly well furnished, Suet. Vesp. 23: “Chilones improbius labrati,Charis. p. 78 P. —
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