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ignāvus , a, um, adj. in-gnavus, navus,
I.inactive, lazy, slothful, idle, sluggish, listless, without spirit, cowardly, dastardly (syn.: iners, socors; opp.: strenuus, alacer, fortis).
II. Transf.
A. Of inanim. and abstr. things (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “quae vitia non sunt senectutis, sed inertis, ignavae, somniculosae senectutis,Cic. de Sen. 11, 36: “nemora,” i. e. unfruitful, Verg. G. 2, 208: “globus,” i. e. immovable, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 33; cf. “gravitas,Ov. M. 2, 821: “stagna jacentis aquae,Luc. 5, 442: “ignavo stupuerunt verba palato,” i. e. speechless, Ov. Am. 2, 6, 47: “mora,id. A. A. 1, 186: “anni,spent in idleness, id. Am. 1, 15, 1; cf. “otia,id. Tr. 1, 7, 25: “septima lux,” i. e. the Jewish Sabbath, Juv. 14, 106: ignavum conferunt stipendium, only money, not soldiers, arms, etc., Vell. 2, 39, 1: “sucus meconium vocatur, multum opio ignavior,weaker, less efficacious, Plin. 20, 18, 76, § 202: quorundam flos tantum jucundus, reliquae partes ignavae, ut violae ac rosae, without smell, id. 21, 7, 18, § 37: “cornicula ante oculos ignava,” i. e. of no use, id. 11, 28, 34, § 100: “ignavum est rediturae parcere vitae,Luc. 1, 492.—
B. Of things that produce inactivity or indolence, that renders slothful or inactive: nec nos impediet illa ignava ratio, quae dicitur: appellatur enim quidam a philosophis ἀργὸς λόγος, cui si pareamus, nihil omnino agamus in vita. Sic enim interrogant: “Si fatum tibi est, etc.... Recte genus hoc interrogationis ignavum et iners nominatum est, quod eadem ratione omnis e vita tolletur actio,relaxing, Cic. Fat. 12, 28 sq.: “frigus,Ov. M. 2, 763: “aestus,id. ib. 7, 529: “dolor,Plin. 11, 18, 20, § 64.—Hence, adv. in two forms, ignāvē and ignā-vĭter .
(α). Ignave, sluggishly, slothfully, without spirit: “ne quid abjecte, ne quid timide, ne quid ignave, ne quid serviliter muliebriterve faciamus,Cic. Tusc. 2, 23, 55: “dicere multa,flatly, tamely, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 67.—
(β). Ignaviter, lazily, sluggishly, tardily: ignaviter quaerere, Lucil. ap. Non. 513, 14; Quadrig. ap. Prisc. p. 1010 P.; Hirt. ap. Cic. Att. 15, 6, 2.—
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