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in-sto , stĭti, stātum (e. g. instaturum, Liv. 10, 36, 3:
I.instaturos,Front. Strat. 2, 6, 10 al.), 1, v. n., to stand in or upon a thing (class.).
I. Lit.
A. In gen., constr. with dat., in and abl., or acc.
(α). With dat.: “jugis,Verg. A. 11, 529.—
(β). With in and abl.: saxo in globoso, Pac. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 23, 36 (Trag. Fragm. v. 367 Rib.): “instans in medio triclinio,Suet. Tib. 72.—
(δ). With acc. (ante-class.): “tantum eum instat exitii,Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 96.—
B. In partic., to press upon, harass, molest, menace, threaten.—With dat., acc., or absol.
(β). With acc.: “si me instabunt (al. mi),Plaut. Curc. 3, 1, 6.—
II. Trop.
A. To urge or press upon one, to insist; to pursue a thing (syn. urgeo): “quamobrem urge, insta, perfice,Cic. Att. 13, 32, 1: “accusatori,id. Font. 1: “ille instat factum (esse),he insists upon the fact, Ter. And. 1, 1, 120.—To follow up eagerly, pursue; with dat. or acc.
(β). With acc., to urge forward, ply, transact with zeal or diligence: instant mercaturam, Nov. ap. Non. 212, 30 (Com. Rel. p. 223 Rib.): “parte aliā Marti currumque, rotasque volucres Instabant,were hastening forward, working hard at, busily constructing, Verg. A. 8, 434: rectam viam, to go right, i. e. to be right, to hit the mark, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 40: “unum instare de indutiis vehementissime contendere,Caes. B. C. 3, 17, 5; cf. Zumpt, Gram. § 385.—
(γ). Absol.: “vox domini instantis,Juv. 14, 63.—
B. To demand earnestly, solicit, insist upon: “satis est, quod instat de Milone,Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 2: “quod profecto cum sua sponte, tum, te instante, faciet,at your instance, your solicitation, id. Att. 3, 15.— With inf.: “instat Scandilius poscere recuperatores,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 59, § 136.—With ut or ne: “tibi instat Hortensius, ut eas in consilium,Cic. Quint. 10: “uxor acriter tua instat, ne mihi detur,Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 33; cf.: “nunc nosmet ipsi nobis instemus, ut, etc.,Auct. Her. 4, 56, 69.—Impers.: “profecto, si instetur, suo milite vinci Romam posse,Liv. 2, 44.—Hence, instans , antis, P. a.
A. (Standing by, being near, i. e.) Present.
2. In partic., gram. t. t.: “tempus, i.q. praesens tempus,the present tense, the present, Quint. 5, 10, 42; Charis. p. 147 P. et saep.—
B. Pressing, urgent, importunate (post-Aug.): “periculum,Nep. Paus. 3, 5: “species terribilior jam et instantior,Tac. H. 4, 83: “gestus acer atque instans,Quint. 11, 3, 92 sq.; cf.: “argumentatio acrior et instantior,id. ib. § 164: “admonitio instantior,Gell. 13, 24, 19.—Adv.: instanter , vehemently, earnestly, pressingly: “intente instanterque pronuntiare,Plin. Ep. 5, 19, 6: “petere,id. ib. 5, 7, 22: “plura acriter et instanter incipere,Quint. 9, 3, 30: “dicere,id. 9, 4, 126.— Comp.: “instantius concurrere,to fight more vehemently, Tac. A. 6, 35. — Sup.: “instantissime desiderare,Gell. 4, 18.
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