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Kălendae (Cal- ;
I.v. the letter K), ārum, f. root kal-, cal-; Gr. καλέω; Lat. calāre, clamo; cf. Varr. L. L. 6, § 27 Müll.; prop., the day when the order of days was proclaimed; hence, the Calends, the first day of the month: primi dies nominati Kalendae, ab eo quod his diebus calantur ejus mensis nonae a pontificibus, quintanae an septimanae sint futurae, Varr. L. L. l. l.; Macr. S. 1, 15: “sed heus tu, ecquid vides Kalendas venire, Antonium non venire?Cic. Att. 2, 2, 3: “litteras accepi datas pridie Kalendas Maias,on the last day of April, id. ib. 13, 20, 1.—Interest was due on the first day of each month; “hence: tristes Kalendae,Hor. S. 1, 3, 87: “celeres,Ov. R. Am. 561.—This reckoning of time was Roman only; “hence: Kalendae Ausoniae,Ov. F. 1, 55.—Prov.: ad Kalendas Graecas solvere, i. e. never, August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.— “The Kalends were sacred to Juno,Ov. F. 1, 55; Macr. S. 1, 15; “hence the first day of the year, Kalendae Martiae, was celebrated as a festival of married women, the Matronalia: dabat, sicut Saturnalibus viris apophoreta, ita per Kalendas Martias feminis,Suet. Vesp. 19: “Martiis caelebs quid agam Kalendis,Hor. C. 3, 8, 1: “scis certe, puto, vestra jam venire Saturnalia, Martias Kalendas,Mart. 5, 84, 10; Dig. 24, 1, 31, § 8; “hence: femineae Kalendae = Kal. Mart.,Juv. 9, 53: “Kalendae Sextae,the Calends of June, Ov. F. 6, 181: “Kalendae Germanicae,the Calends of September, Inscr. Orell. 4949 (cf.: “in memoriam patris Septembrem mensem Germanicum appellavit,Suet. Calig. 15): “Kalendae Januariae primae,of next January, Cato, R. R. 147 sq.; Inscr. Orell. 3121.—
II. Transf., a month: “nec totidem veteres, quot nunc, habuere Kalendas,Ov. F. 3, 99: “intra septimas Kalendas,Mart. 1, 100, 6; 10, 75, 7; Dig. 45, 1, 46.
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