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lābes , is (abl. labi for labe, Lucr. 5, 930), f. 1. lābor,
I.a fall, falling down, sinking in.
I. Lit. (rare but class.): “dare labem,Lucr. 2, 1145: “motus terrae Rhodum ... gravi ruinarum labe concussit,Just. 30, 4, 3: “tantos terrae motus in Italia factos esse, ut multis locis labes factae sint terraeque desederint,subsidences of the earth, Cic. Div. 1, 35, 78; cf.: “labes agri,id. ib. 1, 43, 97: “terrae,Liv. 42, 15; so absol.: “si labes facta sit, omnemque fructum tulerit,Dig. 19, 2, 15, § 2: “labes imbris e caelo,Arn. 5, 185.—
II. Transf.
A. A fall, stroke, ruin, destruction: “hinc mihi prima mali labes,the first blow of misfortune, Verg. A. 2, 97: “haec prima mali labes, hoc initium impendentis ruinae fuit,Just. 17, 1, 5: metuo legionibu' labem, Enn. ap. Diom. p. 378 P. (Ann. v. 283 Vahl.): “quanta pernis pestis veniet, quanta labes larido,Plaut. Capt. 4, 3, 3: “innocentiae labes ac ruina,Cic. Fl. 10, 24: “labes in tabella,id. Lael. 12, 41: “regnorum labes,Val. Fl. 5, 237.—
B. Meton., ruin, destruction; of a dangerous person, one who causes ruin: “(Verres) labes atque pernicies provinciae Siciliae,Cic. Verr. 1, 1, 2: labes popli, Plant. Pers. 3, 3, 4.—Of a bad law: “labes atque eluvies civitatis,Cic. Dom. 20, 53.—
2. In partic., the falling sickness, epilepsy, Ser. Samm. 57, 1018.— “Hence, in gen.,disease, sickness, Grat. Cyneg. 468.
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