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lŭcerna , ae, f. luc-erna, from luceo, q. v.; with double suffix like caverna, laverna, lanterna, etc.; cf. Gr. κέ-αρνον, σκέπαρνον,
I.a lamp, oil-lamp.
I. Lit.: lucerna dicta a luce, aut quod id vocant Graeci λύχνον, Varr. L. L. 5, § 119 Müll.: “lucernam forte oblitus fueram extinguere,Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 56: “in sole lucernam adhibere nihil interest,Cic. Fin. 4, 12, 29: “lucerna me deserit,my light goes out, id. Att. 7, 7, 7: “vino et lucernis Medus acinaces Immane quantum discrepat,” i. e. evening entertainments, Hor. C. 1, 27, 5: “accedit numerus lucernis,the lights begin to seem double, id. S. 2, 1, 25; cf.: “cum geminis exsurgit mensa lucernis,Juv. 6, 305: “pereundum est ante lucernas,before candle-light, id. 10, 339: “lucernam accendere,Phaedr. 3, 19, 4: “turpis fumo lucernae,Juv. 6, 131: “lucerna ardens exstinguitur,Plin. 31, 3, 28, § 49: “fungi lucernarum,id. 28, 11, 46, § 163: “pinguem nebulam vomuere lucernae,Pers. 5, 181: “lucerna splendens super candelabrum,Vulg. Sir. 26, 22.—
II. Transf.
A. Nocturnal labor, lucubration (poet.): “haec ego non credam Venusina digna Lucerna?Juv. 1, 51.—
B. A guide, instructor: “quia mandatum lucerna est,Vulg. Prov. 6, 23; id. 2 Sam. 2, 29: “lucerna pedibus meis verbum tuum,id. Psa. 118, 105.—
C. A phosphorescent fish, Plin. 9, 27, 43, § 82.
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