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mensis , is (
I.gen. plur. regularly mensium; “freq. mensum,Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 78; Cic. Phil. 12, 9, 22; id. Verr 2, 74, 182 al.; Caes. B. G. 1, 5, 3; Ov. M. 8, 500; id. F. 5, 187; 424; Liv. 3, 24, 4; 3, 25, 4; Plin. 7, 11, 9, § 49 et saep.; v. Neue, Formenl. 1. p. 265 sq.), m. root ma-, measure; Sanscr mas; Gr. μην, the measure of time; cf. Goth. mena; Germ. Mond; Engl. moon, month, a month.
I. Lit.: “mensium nomina,Varr. L. L. 6, 4, § 33 Müll.; Censor 22: hunc mensem vortentem servare, the return of this month, i. e. a full year, Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 76: “septem menses sunt. quom in hasce aedis pedem nemo mtro tulit, id Most. 2, 2, 39: lunae cursus qui, quia mensa spatia conficiunt, menses nominantur,Cic. N D 2, 27, 69: annūm novūm voluerunt esse primum mensem Martium, Atta ap Serv. Verg. G. 1, 43: “primo mense,at the beginning of the month, Verg. A. 6, 453: “regnavit is quidem paucos menses,Cic. Lael. 12, 41; Hor C. 2, 9, 6.—
B. Esp., plur., the months, i. e. the fixed time, the period: “mensis jam tibi actos vides,Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 2.—
II. Transf., esp. in plur., the menses: “prodest mulierum mensibus retardatis,Plin. 21, 21, 89, § 156; 22, 22, 40, § 83; 22, 25, 71, § 147; 23, 7, 71, § 138 et saep.—In sing.: “a muliere incitati mensis,Plin. 17, 28, 47, § 267; 28, 7, 23, § 77.—Transf., of female animals, the yearly flux, Varr. R. R. 2, 7 med.
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