previous next
occumbo (obc- ), cŭbui, cŭbĭtum, 3, v. n. ob-cumbo, cubo, fall or sink down (cf.: occido, obeo, oppeto); hence,
I. To go down, to set, of the heavenly bodies (postclass.): “cometes cum oriretur occumberetque,Just. 37, 2, 3: “cum sol occumberet,Vulg. Gen. 15, 12; id. 3 Reg. 22, 36.—
II. To fall dying, to die (the class. signif. of the word); constr. absol. or with mortem, morte, or morti.
(α). Absol.: cum veter occubuit Priamus, fell, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 607 P. (Ann. v. 17 Vahl.): “aut occubuissem honeste, aut victores hodie viveremus,Cic. Att. 3, 15, 4: pro libertate cos occubuisse, Suet. Aug. 12 fin.: “circa se dimicans occubuerat,id. Tit. 4: “fertur et ante annos occubuisse suos,Ov. A. A. 3, 18: “dederat ne ferro occumbere posset,id. M. 12, 207: “acie,Suet. Ner. 2.—
(β). With mortem or morte (the vacillation of MSS. between these two forms makes it difficult to ascertain which was the prevailing one; cf. Zumpt, Gr. § 387; “Krebs, Antibarb. p. 790): pro patriā mortem (al. morte) occumbere,Cic. Tusc. 1, 42, 102 (Kühner, Moser, Orelli, and Baiter have mortem, Klotz and Fischer morte): “quod liberata patria ... mortem occubuisset,Liv. 2, 7, 8; 3, 50, 8; 26, 25, 14: “qui pugnantes mortem occubuissent,id. 31, 18, 6. —So, too, letum, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P. (Ann. v. 390 Vahl.): “necem voluntariam,Suet. Aug. 13 (al., with inferior MSS., nece voluntariā): “ictus clavā morte occubuit,Liv. 1, 7, 7 Weissenb. ad loc.: “morte occumbentis,id. 8, 10, 4: “ambo pro republicā morte occubuisse,id. 38, 58.—
(γ). With morti (perh. only poet.): pro vostrā vitā morti occumbant obviam. Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 2, 62 (Trag. v. 176 Vahl.); so, “certae morti, Verg. A. l. l.: neci,Ov. M. 15, 499.—
(δ). To succumb to, fall by the hand of one (poet.).—With dat.: “Rullo ditissimus agri Occumbis,Sil. 5, 260; Claud. B. Get. 74.—With per: “per te vidit Vulcani occumbere prolem,Ov. M. 7, 437. —*
III. Like accumbere, to lie at table, Afran. ap. Non. 97, 29.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: