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ostendo , di, sum, and tum (ostensus, Varr. ap. Prisc. p. 892 P.; Luc. 2, 192: ostentus, Att. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 22, 45; Pac. and Varr. ap. Prisc. l. l.; Tac. H. 1, 78:
I.ostensurus,Suet. Ner. 13; App. ap. Prisc. p. 892 P.: “ostenturus,Cato, Or. 52, 2; v. also the apoc. form: ostende ostendam, ut permultis aliis exemplis ejus generis manifestum est, Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.; perh. used by Cato, v. Müll. ad loc., and cf. the letter E), v. a. obs-tendo, to stretch out or spread before one; hence, to expose to view, to show, exhibit, display (syn.: monstro, exhibeo).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.
1. Ostendo manus, Plaut. Ep. 5, 2, 17: “os suum populo Romano ostendere audet,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 1, § 1: “pectora,Sil. 2, 669: “umeros,Verg. A. 5, 376: “dentem,Suet. Vesp. 5: “se,to show one's self, appear, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 5: “aciem,to display, Liv. 29, 7: “equites sese ostendunt,show themselves, appear, Caes. B. C. 1, 63. —
2. Transf.: “vocem,to make heard, Phaedr. 1, 13, 9.—
B. In partic., to lay open, expose (poet.): “Aquiloni glaebas,Verg. G. 2, 261: “lucos Phoebo,Stat. Th. 6, 90: “ager qui soli ostentus erit,Cato, R. R. 6, 2. —
II. Trop.
A. In gen., to show, disclose, exhibit, manifest: ille dies cum gloriā maximā sese nobis ostendat, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 880 P. (Ann. v. 384 Vahl.): “non ego illi extemplo ita meum ostendam sensum,Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 21: “verum hoc facto sese ostendit,he has exposed himself, id. As. 5, 2, 12: “sententiam,Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 7: “potestatem,id. Eun. 5, 8, 3: “spem, metum,” i. e. to promise, threaten, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 34, § 75 et saep.—With two acc.: “aliquem nocentem,Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 2; cf. Tit. ap. Gell. 2, 27, 5.—Mid., to show itself, appear: “nisi cum major spes ostenderetur,Suet. Aug. 25.—
B. In partic.
1. To show, express, indicate by speech or signs; to give to understand, to declare, say, tell, make known, etc. (syn.: indico, declaro, significo).—With acc.: “illud ostendit,Cic. Att. 1, 1, 4.—With obj.- or rel.-clause: “ostendit se cum rege colloqui velle,Nep. Con. 3, 2: “quid sui consilii sit, ostendit,Caes. B. G. 1, 21; cf. id. ib. 5, 2, 3.—Absol.: “ut ostendimus supra,as we showed above, Nep. Ages. 1, 5: “sed aliter, atque ostenderam, facio,Cic. Fam. 2, 3, 2: “signum est per quod ostenditur idonea perficiendi facultas esse quaesita,Auct. Her. 2, 4, 6: “primum ostendendum est,id. ib. 2, 16, 23.—
2. To hold up conspicuously, flourish (ironically): “sed quaedam mihi magnifica et praeclara ejus defensio ostenditur,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1, § 1.—Hence, osten-tus , a, um, P. a.
A. Exposed (ante-class.): “ager soli ostentus,Cato, R. R. 6, 2; so id. ib. 6, 4; Varr. R. R. 1, 24, 1; 1, 25.—
B. Subst.: ostentum , i, n.
2. Transf., a wondrous thing, prodigy: scis Appium ostenta facere, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 14, 4: “ostenti prorsus genus,Just. 10, 1, 6.
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