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prŏ-hĭbĕo , ŭi, ĭtum, 2 (old forms, prohibessis, Cato, R. R. 141, 2; Enn. ap. Prob. ad Verg. E. 6, 31 (Trag. v. 323 Vahl.):
I.prohibessit,Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 11: “prohibessint,Cic. Leg. 3, 3 fin.), v. a. habeo, to hold in front, i. e.,
I. To hold back, keep in check, to restrain, hinder, prevent, avert, keep or ward off, debar (class.; cf.: inhibeo, arceo).
A. In gen.; usually constr. aliquem or aliquid, with abl.; alone or ab and abl.; with ut, ne, quominus, or an obj.-clause; also with simple acc.; less freq. with de, the dat., or gen.
2. With de: vim de classe, Lucil. ap. Non 528, 10.—
3. With abl.: “cum suis finibus eos prohibent,Caes. B. G. 1, 1: “itinere exercitum,to impede its march, id. ib. 1, 10: “hostem rapinis, pabulationibus populationibusque,id. ib. 1, 15.—With abl. without an object: non prohibere aquā profluente, Cic. Off. 1, 16, 52.—
4. With dat.: “aliquem alicui,to withhold from one, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 7; cf.: “aditum alicui, Auct. B. Afr. 31: captae prohibere nequiret Cum Poenos aquilae,could not prevent the Carthaginians from capturing the standard, Sil. 6, 27 (but the gen., Cic. Cat. 2, 12, 26; Caes. B. C. 3, 44, depends on the acc. object of prohibere; v. 7 infra).—
7. With simple acc.: Mars pater, ut tu morbos visos invisosque, viduertatem vastitudinemque ... prohibessis, defendas averruncesque, an old formula of prayer in Cato, R. R. 141: “neque munitiones Caesaris prohibere poterat,Caes. B. G. 3, 44: “motus conatusque alicujus prohibere,Cic. Cat. 2, 12, 26: “prohibenda maxime est ira in puniendo,id. Off. 1, 25, 89: “quod uti prohibitum irem, quod in me esset, meo labori non parsi, Cato ap. Fest. s. v. parsi, p. 242 Müll.: prohibere comitia dicitur vitiare diem morbo,Fest. p. 236 ib.; Cato ap. Fest. l. l.: quod di prohibeant, which may the gods forbid or avert, Ter. And. 3, 3, 36; “and in the same sense: dii mala prohibeant,id. Hec. 2, 1, 10; cf.: di, prohibete minas; “di, talem avertite casum,Verg. A. 3, 265; and: “deos quaeso, ut istaec prohibeant,Ter. Ad. 2, 4, 11.—
II. To keep away from a thing for the sake of safety (cf. defendo, II.), to keep, preserve, defend, protect (rare but class.); with ab: “a quo periculo prohibete rem publicam,Cic. Imp. Pomp. 7, 19: “adultam virginem ab armatorum impetu,id. Brut. 96, 330.—With abl.: “haec damna multa mulierum Me uxore prohibent,keep me from a wife, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 105: “magnum civium numerum calamitate prohibere,Cic. Imp. Pomp. 7, 18: “tenuiores injuriā,id. Off. 2, 12, 31: “ad prohibendam populationibus Campaniam,Liv. 22, 14, 2.—With double acc.: “id te Juppiter Prohibessit,from that may Jupiter preserve you, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 11.
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