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prōvincĭa , ae (old
I.gen. PROVINCIAI, Inscr. Grut. 376, 6) [etym. dub.; perh. contr. for pro-noventia (cf. nuntius), the charge or government of a legate].
I. A province, i. e. a territory out of Italy, acquired by the Romans (chiefly by conquest), and brought under Roman government; freq., also, to be rendered provincial administration, employment, etc.: “Sicilia prima omnium provincia est appellata,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 1, § 2: “defendo provinciam Siciliam,id. Div. in Caecil. 2, 5: “provincia Syria,id. Fam. 15, 2, 1: “Asia provincia,id. Fl. 34, 85: “provincia Gallia,id. Font. 1, 2: “praeponere, praeficere aliquem provinciae,id. Fam. 2, 15, 4: “tradere alicui provinciam,id. ib. 3, 3, 1: “in provinciam cum imperio proficisci,id. ib. 3, 2, 1: “administrare provinciam,id. ib. 15, 4, 1: “provinciam consulari imperio obtinere,id. Fl. 34, 85; cf. id. Phil. 1, 8, 19: “de provinciā decedere,to retire from the administration of a province, id. Fam. 2, 15, 4: “provinciam Lentulus deposuit,gave up, resigned, id. Pis. 21, 50: provincia consularis, governed by a former consul (proconsul), Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 13, § 34: “praetoria,governed by a former prœtor, id. Phil. 1, 8, 19.—
2. In gen., a province, division of a kingdom or empire: “Judaea,Vulg. 1 Esdr. 5, 8: “Babylonis,id. Dan. 2, 48.—
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