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pulvīnar (polv- ), āris, n. pulvinus,
I.a couch made of cushions, and spread over with a splendid covering, for the gods and persons who received divine honors; a couch or cushioned seat of the gods (in the lectisternium, placed for the gods before their statues and altars): “nunc Saliaribus Ornare pulvinar deorum Tempus erat dapibus,Hor. C. 1, 37, 3; Liv. 5, 52, 6: “aram et aediculam et pulvinar dedicare,Cic. Dom. 53, 136: “quem Caesar majorem honorem consecutus erat, quam ut haberet pulvinar, simulacrum, etc.,Cic. Phil. 2, 43, 110; cf. Suet. Caes. 76; “so of Romulus,Ov. M. 14, 827; “of Augustus,Suet. Aug. 45; id. Claud. 4: ad omnia pulvinaria supplicatio decreta est, before all the seats of the gods, i. e. in all the temples, Cic. Cat. 3, 10, 23; so, “decretum, uti supplicatio per triduum ad omnia pulvinaria haberetur,Liv. 22, 1, 15; cf. id. 30, 21; Tac. A. 14, 12: “spectabat e pulvinari,the cushioned seat in the circus, Suet. Aug. 45: deorum pulvinaribus et epulis magistratuum fides praecinunt, i. e. at the lectisternia or feasts of the gods, Cic. Tusc. 4, 2, 4.— Poet.: macellum pingue pulvinarium, i. e. rich store of beasts for sacrifice, Prud. στεφ. 10, 1056: “templa deformantur, pulvinaria proteruntur,App. M. 4, p. 155, 39.—
II. In gen., a sofa, cushioned seat, seat of honor, easy couch; of the couch or marriage-bed of Livia, Ov. P. 2, 2, 71; “of Messalina,Juv. 6, 31; cf. “geniale,Cat. 64, 47; of the imperial seat on the spina in the circus, Suet. Aug. 45; id. Claud. 4; Juv. 6, 31; Suet. Dom. 13: “in summo pulvinaris locatus cenā poculisque inauguratur,App. M. 7, p. 191.
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