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purgo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. contr. for purigo, from purum ago,
I.to make clean or pure, to clean, cleanse, purify (class.).
I. Lit.: “oleam a foliis et stercore purgato,Cato, R. R. 65, 1: cum falcibus purgarunt locum, cleared the place, freed it from bushes, etc., Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 65; Liv. 24, 19: “arva longis ligonibus,Ov. P. 1, 8, 59: “domum muribus,Phaedr. 1, 22, 3: “fossas,Plin. 18, 26, 64, § 236: “proprios leniter ungues cultello,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 51: cana labra, i. e. to clear or free from beard, Mart. 9, 28, 5: “pisces,Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 22: “segetes,Plin. 18, 26, 65, § 241.—Absol.: “levi sarculo purgare,Plin. 18, 26, 65, § 241.—Mid.: “purgor in amni,wash, Sil. 8, 125.—
2. In partic., in medic. lang., to cleanse by stool, vomiting, etc., to purge: “quid scammoneae radix ad purgandum possit,Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16; Cato, R. R. 157, 3: “si is, qui saepe purgatus est, subito habet alvum suppressam,Cels. 2, 12: “qui purgor bilem sub verni temporis horam,Hor. A. P. 302: “se helleboro,Val. Max. 8, 7, 5 fin.: “se per inferna aut vomitione,Plin. 25, 5, 21, § 51.—
B. Transf.
1. To make even by clearing away, to level, Inscr. Murat. 582 fin.; cf.: “purgare viam proprie dicitur ad libramentum proprium redigere, sublato eo quod supra eam esset,Dig. 43, 11, 1, § 1.—
2. To clear away, remove: “rudera,Suet. Vesp. 8: “vermes clavo aëneo,Pall. 4, 10, 4: “lapides,id. 3, 6: “sordes,Claud. in Eutr. 1, 383; cf.: “scindit se nubes et in aethera purgat apertum,melts away, Verg. A. 1, 587.—
b. In partic., in medicine, to remove or expel by purging, rinsing, etc., to heal, cure: “purgatum te illius morbi,Hor. S. 2, 3, 27: “pituitas,Plin. 20, 17, 73, § 188: “fastidium lauri folio,id. 8, 27, 41, § 101: “suppurationes,id. 23, 1, 16, § 24: “tarditatem aurium,id. 23, 2, 28, § 59: “succus purgat cicatrices et nubeculas (oculorum),id. 27, 12, 85, § 109.—
II. Trop., to cleanse, purify (syn. lustro).
B. To clear away, remove: “metum doloris,Quint. 12, 2, 3.—
C. In partic.
1. To clear from accusation, to excuse, exculpate, justify (syn. excuso): “ut me purgarem tibi,Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 28: “QVIBVS DE REBVS VOS PVRGAVISTIS ... QVOMQVE DE EIEIS REBVS SENATVEI PVRGATI ESTIS, S. C. de Tiburt. lin. 3 and 12 (ap. Grut. 499, 12): quod te mihi de Sempronio purgas, accipio excusationem,Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 3: “cui se purgat,id. Or. 29, 230: “ego me tibi purgo,id. Fam. 15, 17, 1; so, “Caesarem de interitu Marcelli,id. Att. 13, 10, 3: “si quis tibi se purgare volet, quod, etc.,Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 9, 35: “si parum vobis essem purgatus,Cic. Phil. 14, 6, 17: “velle Pompeium se Caesari purgatum, ne, etc.,Caes. B. C. 1, 8; cf. id. B. G. 1, 28: “ea pars epistulae tuae, per quam te ac mores tuos mihi purgatos ac probatos esse voluisti,Cic. Att. 1, 17, 7; Ter. Hec. 2, 2, 12: “accedebant blanditiae virorum factum purgantium cupiditate atque amore,Liv. 1, 9 fin.: “factum,Ov. P. 3, 2, 24: “facinus,Curt. 7, 5, 39; 5, 12, 8: “crimina,to disprove, Cic. Clu. 1, 3; Liv. 38, 48, 14; cf. “probra,Tac. A. 4, 42: “adulescentem crimine civilis belli,to acquit, id. ib. 3, 17: “innocentiam suam,to vindicate, Liv. 9, 26: “suspicionem,to remove, id. 28, 43: “ea, quae ipsis obicerentur,to refute, id. 8, 23: “purget miles, quod vicerit hostem,Sil. 7, 510: “aliquem alicujus rei,Liv. 37, 28: “se adversus alicujus criminationes purgare,Suet. Caes. 55: “illi lacrimantes nunc purgare se,Curt. 5, 10, 11.—With acc. and inf.: “laborare regem, ut purganti se nihil hostile dixisse aut fecisse, fides habeatur,Liv. 42, 14: “qui purgarent nec accitos ab eo Bastarnas nec auctore eo quidquam facere,id. 41, 19.—
2. To cleanse or purge from a crime or sin with religious rites, to make expiation or atonement for, to expiate, purify, atone for, lustrate, = expiare, lustrare (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “di patrii, purgamus agros, purgamus agrestes,Tib. 2, 1, 17: “populos,Ov. F. 4, 640: “myrtea verbena Romanos Sabinosque,Plin. 15, 29, 36, § 119: “pontifices purgantes moenia,Luc. 1, 593: “domus purgantur lustranturque,Plin. 25, 9, 59, § 105. —With the crime or act as an object: nefas, Ov. M. 13, 952: “crimen gladio,Luc. 8, 518; Vulg. Ecclus. 47, 13.—Hence, purgā-tus , a, um, P. a.
A. Cleansed, purified, pure (poet.): “auris,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 7: “somnia pituitā purgatissima,Pers. 2, 57: “purgatioris auri vena,Mart. Cap. 1, § 7 (cf. Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 179).—
B. Excused, exculpated: ita fiducia quam argumentis purgatiores dimittuntur, Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. 310, 22, and ap. Don. Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 28.—
C. Pure, freed from sin (eccl. Lat.): “vota purgatiora, Aug. Civ. Dei, 6, 2: purgatissima ecclesia,id. Doctr. Christ. 2, 16: “pietas,id. Ver. Rel. 1. —Hence, adv.: purgātē , purely: “enucleate dicitur purgate, exquisite,Non. 60, 5.
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