I.a Roman surname (not a praenomen; cf. Borghesi Framm. de' Fasti Cons. i. p. 49, and his Dec. Numism. 4, n. 10) of the Æmilian family, Cic. Lael. 6, 21; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 6, § 14.
I. L. Aemilius Paulus, a consul who fell in the battle near Cannœ, Hor. C. 1, 12, 38; Cic. Sen. 20, 75; id. Div. 2, 33, 71.—
II. The son of no. I., the adoptive father of the younger Scipio and the conqueror of Perseus, Cic. Rab. Post. 1, 2; id. Sen. 6, 15. —
III. Q. Paulus Fabius Maximus, a consul A. U. C. 743, Front. Aquaed. 100.—
IV. Julius Paulus, a celebrated jurist under Alexander Severus, a colleague of Papinian, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 26.—
V. Paul, Christian name of Saul of Tarsus, the apostle to the Gentiles, author of many epistles to the Churches, Vulg. Act. passim.—
VI. Sergius Paulus, proconsul in Cyprus, Vulg. Act. 13, 7.—Hence,
A. Paulĭānus , a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Paulus, Paulian: “Pauliana victoria,” the victory of L. Æmilius Paulus over Perseus, Val. Max. 8, 11, 1: Pauliana responsa, of the jurist J. Paulus, Dig. praef. ad Antecess. § 5.—
B. Paulī-nus (Paull- ), a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Paulus, Pauline, only as a Roman surname.—Subst.